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Kurukshetra Magazine (August 2022): Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM

Kurukshetra is a Monthly Magazine which is issued by the Publications Division of the GOI.

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Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM: Introduction


  • Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011.
  • Aided in part through investment support by the World Bank, the Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor, enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services.
  •  In November 2015, the program was renamed Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM).


Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM: 3 Pillars Of Livelihood Promotion


NRLM focuses on stabilizing and promoting the existing livelihoods portfolio of the poor through its three pillars – 

  • ‘vulnerability reduction’ and ‘livelihoods enhancement’ through deepening/enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods options and tapping new opportunities in farm and non-farm sectors;
  • ‘employment’ – building skills for the job market outside; and
  • ‘enterprises’ – nurturing self-employed and entrepreneurs (for micro-enterprises).


Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM: Sub-schemes under NRLP


  • Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP): launched with the objective to empower women in agriculture and NTFP by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity in agriculture-based livelihoods.
  • Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP): supports entrepreneurs to set up small businesses in rural areas.
  • Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY): programme provides safe, affordable, and community-monitored transport services to rural areas.
  • National Rural Economic Transformation Project (NRETP): the programme has successfully been establishing DAY-NRLM’s “proof of concept” in 13 high-poverty states by helping the State Rural Livelihood Missions.
  • Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs): RSETIs are established in each district of the country in collaboration with the banks and the state governments to provide short-term residential training with long handholding support to the youth.


How does NRLM help in Vulnerability Reduction & Livelihoods Enhancement?


  • NRLM encourages the delivery of services/entitlements (such as MGNREGS, PDS)  through the SHGs and their federations.
  • The institutions of the poor set aside funds towards vulnerability reduction – food security, health security, etc. Vulnerability Reduction Fund is also used for meeting the emergency needs of the poor and meeting the needs of the ultra-poor and vulnerable households on a differential footing.
  • NRLM promotes and supports Collectives towards Sustainable Livelihoods of the Poor (CSLP) around key livelihoods of the poor.
  • These collectives offer their members access to livelihoods knowledge, skills, technology, market intelligence, risk management products and credit support through their SHGs and Federations to individual members/households.
  • NRLM, through Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), is promoting and facilitating scaling-up successful, small-scale projects that enhance women’s participation and productivity in agriculture and allied activities.


What is Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)?


  • Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), launched in 2010-11, is a special programme for livelihood enhancement under NRLM.
  • It is a concerted effort to recognize the role of women in agriculture, to enhance their capacities and increase their income in agriculture and allied activities. MKSP aims to ensure household food and nutrition security of the poor and the poorest of poor.
  • Its primary focus is on promoting and facilitating the scale-up of successful small-scale projects with the help of NGOs, CBOs and other government agencies across the country. It is envisaged that these projects would emerge as resource centres.
  • Its key elements include –
    • Focus on inclusion of the poorest of poor
    • Community Managed Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture practices.
    • Support to various strategies and ways of reducing drudgery of MahilaKisans.
    • Supporting institutions around agriculture and allied activities to strengthen livelihoods of the poor.
    • Developing a wide pool of community practitioners (CRPs) to ensure participatory service delivery and country wide scale up of best practises.


How NRLP enhances employment generation?


  • NRLM implements Aajeevika Skill Development Programme (ASDP).
  • 25% of NRLM Funds are earmarked for this purpose.
  • ASDP facilitates building the skills of the rural youth and placement in relatively high wage employment in the growing sectors of economy.


  • One of the pillars of the Livelihoods promotion strategy of NRLM is nurturing self-employment and entrepreneurship.
  • In this regard, NRLM is encouraging public sector banks to set up Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) in all districts of the country on the linesof Rural Development Self Employment Institute (RUDSETI) model.
  • National Academy of RUDSETIs is supporting RSETIs in this effort.

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