Global Nutrition Report 2021_00.1
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Global Nutrition Report 2021

 

Global Nutrition Report 2021: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

Global Nutrition Report 2021: Context

  • According to the recently released Global Nutrition Report 2021 (GNR, 2021), India has made no progress on anaemia and childhood wasting.
  • Global Nutrition Report released by WHO(World Health Organisation).

 

About Global Nutrition Report

  • The Global Nutrition Report was conceived after commencement of the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
  • The Global Nutrition Report is the world’s leading independent assessment of the state of global nutrition.
  • The Global Nutrition Report is a multi-stakeholder initiative, consisting of a Stakeholder Group, Independent Expert Group and Report Secretariat.
  • Vision: A world free from malnutrition in all its forms.

 

Global Nutrition Report 2021_50.1

 

Global Nutrition Report 2021: Key findings

  • The world off track to meet five out of six global maternal, infant and young children nutrition (MIYCN) targets, on stunting, wasting, low birth weight, anaemia and childhood overweight.
    • Globally, 149.2 million children under 5 years of age are stunted, 45.4 million are wasted and 38.9 million are overweight.
    • Over 40% of all men and women (2.2 billion people) are now overweight or obese.
  • The world is also off track for meeting all diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) targets, on salt intake, raised blood pressure, adult obesity and diabetes.
  • Key global targets and systematic monitoring exclude diet, despite its health and environmental impacts.
    • No global targets are set to address micronutrient deficiencies (with the exception of anaemia), despite their importance for health and development.
    • There is also no specific target that captures malnutrition among children and adolescents.
  • COVID-19: An additional 155 million people are being pushed into extreme poverty globally due to pandemic.
  • Obesity: No country in the world is ‘on course’ to achieve the target for obesity.

 

Global Nutrition Report 2021_60.1

 

Global Nutrition Report  India

  • Anaemia: 53% of Indian women in the age group 15-49 years are anaemic, while in 2016, 52.6 per cent of Indian women were anaemic.
    • This signifies that there has been a rise in anaemic Indian women since 2016.
  • Affected children: Where in Asia, around 9% of the children are affected, in India, more than 17% of Indian children under 5 years of age are affected.
  • The report says that India is ‘off-course’ in meeting 7 of the 13 global nutrition targets.
    • These include sodium intake, raised blood pressure (both men and women), obesity (both men and women) and diabetes (both men and women).
  • Obesity: Around 6.2 per cent of adult women and 3.5 per cent of adult men are living with obesity in the country.
  • Stunting: According to the report, India is among 53 countries ‘on course’ to meet the target for stunting. But over 34 per cent of children under 5 years of age are still affected, it added.
  • Overweight: The country is also among 105 countries that are ‘on course’ to meet the target for ‘childhood overweight’.
  • Some 58 per cent of infants in the age group 0-5 months are exclusively breastfed in India.
  • Low birth weight: India does not have adequate data on prevalence of ‘low birth weight’.

 

Also Read:

Nutrition Smart Villages

POSHAN 2.0 scheme

Millets in Mid Day Meal Scheme

Global Girlhood Report 2021

All India Survey on Domestic Workers

 

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