Global Nutrition Report 2021: Relevance
- GS 2: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Global Nutrition Report 2021: Context
- According to the recently released Global Nutrition Report 2021 (GNR, 2021), India has made no progress on anaemia and childhood wasting.
- Global Nutrition Report released by WHO(World Health Organisation).
About Global Nutrition Report
- The Global Nutrition Report was conceived after commencement of the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
- The Global Nutrition Report is the world’s leading independent assessment of the state of global nutrition.
- The Global Nutrition Report is a multi-stakeholder initiative, consisting of a Stakeholder Group, Independent Expert Group and Report Secretariat.
- Vision: A world free from malnutrition in all its forms.
Global Nutrition Report 2021: Key findings
- The world off track to meet five out of six global maternal, infant and young children nutrition (MIYCN) targets, on stunting, wasting, low birth weight, anaemia and childhood overweight.
- Globally, 149.2 million children under 5 years of age are stunted, 45.4 million are wasted and 38.9 million are overweight.
- Over 40% of all men and women (2.2 billion people) are now overweight or obese.
- The world is also off track for meeting all diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) targets, on salt intake, raised blood pressure, adult obesity and diabetes.
- Key global targets and systematic monitoring exclude diet, despite its health and environmental impacts.
- No global targets are set to address micronutrient deficiencies (with the exception of anaemia), despite their importance for health and development.
- There is also no specific target that captures malnutrition among children and adolescents.
- COVID-19: An additional 155 million people are being pushed into extreme poverty globally due to pandemic.
- Obesity: No country in the world is ‘on course’ to achieve the target for obesity.
Global Nutrition Report India
- Anaemia: 53% of Indian women in the age group 15-49 years are anaemic, while in 2016, 52.6 per cent of Indian women were anaemic.
- This signifies that there has been a rise in anaemic Indian women since 2016.
- Affected children: Where in Asia, around 9% of the children are affected, in India, more than 17% of Indian children under 5 years of age are affected.
- The report says that India is ‘off-course’ in meeting 7 of the 13 global nutrition targets.
- These include sodium intake, raised blood pressure (both men and women), obesity (both men and women) and diabetes (both men and women).
- Obesity: Around 6.2 per cent of adult women and 3.5 per cent of adult men are living with obesity in the country.
- Stunting: According to the report, India is among 53 countries ‘on course’ to meet the target for stunting. But over 34 per cent of children under 5 years of age are still affected, it added.
- Overweight: The country is also among 105 countries that are ‘on course’ to meet the target for ‘childhood overweight’.
- Some 58 per cent of infants in the age group 0-5 months are exclusively breastfed in India.
- Low birth weight: India does not have adequate data on prevalence of ‘low birth weight’.