POSHAN 2.0 scheme_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   POSHAN 2.0 scheme

POSHAN 2.0 scheme

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors.

 

Context

  • Recently, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has launched POSHAN 2.0 and has urged all the states to ensure that all aspirational districts in India have a POSHAN vatika (nutrition garden) at anganwadi centres during the Nutrition Month or the POSHAN Maah, which is starting from 1 September.

 

About POSHAN 2.0 scheme

  • Mission POSHAN 2.0 (Saksham Anganwadi and POSHAN 2.0) has been announced in the Budget 2021-2022.
  • It is an integrated nutrition support programme, to strengthen nutritional content, delivery, outreach and outcomes with focus on developing practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity to disease and malnutrition.

 

POSHAN Vatikas

  • Know everthing about Poshan Vatikas or Nutri Garden from here.

 

POSHAN Maah

  • Every year, September month is celebrated as Rashtriya POSHAN Maah to give momentum to convergence and behaviour change efforts as envisioned under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • This year, to celebrate the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the entire month has been subdivided into weekly themes to improve nutrition.
  • The MWCD has planned a series of activities throughout the month in collaboration with the States/UTs.
  • The month-long celebrations of the POSHAN Abhiyan mission places special attention on Severe Acute Malnourished (SAM) children.

 

POSHAN 2.0 scheme_50.1

 

POSHAN Abhiyan or the National Nutrition Mission

  • POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyaan is MWCD’s flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, adolescent Girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • It was launched on the occasion of International Women’s Day on 8 March, 2018 from Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan.
  • It directs the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode.
  • It aims to ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022.
  • It also ensures convergence of multiple programs and schemes like ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme), PMMVY (PM Matru Vandana Yojana), NHM (National Health Mission), among others.

 

Implementation and Targets

  • Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Plan right up to the grass root level.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan targets
    • Reduce stunting by 2% per annum
    • Reduce under-nutrition by 2% per annum
    • Reduce anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) by 3% per annum
    • Reduce low birth weight by 2% per annum.
  • The Mission objective would be to strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (as reported by 4th National Family Health Survey) to 25% by 2022.

 

4-Pillar strategy of POSHAN Abhiyaan

  • Inter-sectoral convergence for better service delivery
  • Use of technology (ICT) for real time growth monitoring and tracking of women and children
  • Intensified health and nutrition services for the first 1000 days.
  • Jan Andolan or “People’s Movement”.

 

 

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