- GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors.
- Recently, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has launched POSHAN 2.0 and has urged all the states to ensure that all aspirational districts in India have a POSHAN vatika (nutrition garden) at anganwadi centres during the Nutrition Month or the POSHAN Maah, which is starting from 1 September.
About POSHAN 2.0 scheme
- Mission POSHAN 2.0 (Saksham Anganwadi and POSHAN 2.0) has been announced in the Budget 2021-2022.
- It is an integrated nutrition support programme, to strengthen nutritional content, delivery, outreach and outcomes with focus on developing practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity to disease and malnutrition.
- Know everthing about Poshan Vatikas or Nutri Garden from here.
- Every year, September month is celebrated as Rashtriya POSHAN Maah to give momentum to convergence and behaviour change efforts as envisioned under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
- This year, to celebrate the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the entire month has been subdivided into weekly themes to improve nutrition.
- The MWCD has planned a series of activities throughout the month in collaboration with the States/UTs.
- The month-long celebrations of the POSHAN Abhiyan mission places special attention on Severe Acute Malnourished (SAM) children.
POSHAN Abhiyan or the National Nutrition Mission
- POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyaan is MWCD’s flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, adolescent Girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- It was launched on the occasion of International Women’s Day on 8 March, 2018 from Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan.
- It directs the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode.
- It aims to ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022.
- It also ensures convergence of multiple programs and schemes like ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme), PMMVY (PM Matru Vandana Yojana), NHM (National Health Mission), among others.
Implementation and Targets
- Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Plan right up to the grass root level.
- POSHAN Abhiyaan will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
- POSHAN Abhiyaan targets
- Reduce stunting by 2% per annum
- Reduce under-nutrition by 2% per annum
- Reduce anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) by 3% per annum
- Reduce low birth weight by 2% per annum.
- The Mission objective would be to strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (as reported by 4th National Family Health Survey) to 25% by 2022.
4-Pillar strategy of POSHAN Abhiyaan
- Inter-sectoral convergence for better service delivery
- Use of technology (ICT) for real time growth monitoring and tracking of women and children
- Intensified health and nutrition services for the first 1000 days.
- Jan Andolan or “People’s Movement”.