Quarterly Employment Survey: Relevance
- GS 3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
Quarterly Employment Survey: Context
- Recently, Ministry of Labour & Employment has released the report of first quarter of Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) as part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) prepared by the Labour Bureau.
About AQEES report
- The objective of AQEES is to provide quarterly updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised and unorganised segments of nine selected sectors.
- These sectors altogether account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.
- Nine sectors: Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/ BPO and Financial Services.
Quarterly Employment Survey: Key highlights
- Sector-wise employment:
- Impact of COVID: The impact was evident in 27 percent of the establishment; however, the silver lining was that 81 percent of the workers received full wages during the lock-down period.
- Sector-wise growth in employment:
|Sector||Growth in employment|
|Accommodation & Restaurant||(-)13%|
- Nearly 90 percent of the establishments have been estimated to work with less than 100 workers.
- Nearly 35 percent of the IT/ BPO establishments worked with at least 100 workers, including about 13.8 percent engaging 500 workers or more.
- In the Health sector, 18 percent of the establishments had 100 or more workers.
- Women participation: The over-all participation of female workers stood at 29 percent.
- Regular and casual workers: Regular workers constitute 88 percent of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2 percent being casual workers. However, 18 percent of workers in the Construction sector are contractual employees and 13 percent are casual workers.
- Registered establishments: Only 9 percent of the establishments (with at least 10 workers) were not registered with any authority or under any act. While 26 percent of all the establishments were registered under the Companies Act with 71 percent registration in IT/ BPO, 58 percent registration in Construction, 46 percent in Manufacturing, 42 percent in Transport, 35 percent in Trade and 28 percent in Financial Services.
- On0-job skill training: Around 18 percent of the establishments have provision of on-job skill training programmes.