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Production Gap Report 2021


Production Gap Report 2021: Relevance

  • GS3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


Production Gap Report 2021: Context

  • UNEP has recently released Production Gap Report 2021 to show discrepancy between governments’ planned fossil fuel production and global production levels consistent with limiting warming to 1.5°C or 2°C.


Production Gap Report 2021: Key points

  • The report represents a collaboration of several researchers and academic institutions.
  • The report was first launched in 2019 and this year was the third edition of the report.
  • The report also tracks how governments worldwide are supporting fossil fuel production through their policies.
  • The report also tracks how governments worldwide are supporting fossil fuel production through their policies.


Ecological Threat Report 2021


Fossil fuel production gap report: Key findings

  • The production gap has remained largely unchanged since the first analysis in 2019.
  • The report finds that over the next two decades, governments across the world are collectively projecting an increase in global oil and gas production, and only a modest decrease in coal production.
  • The report finds that given the government priorities and their effort towards fossil fuel production, total fossil fuel production will increase at least till 2040.
  • The window to limit the long-term climate to 1.5°C is rapidly closing.
  • The world’s governments plan to produce around 110% more fossil fuels in 2030 than would be consistent with limiting warming to 1.5°C, and 45% more than consistent with 2°C.
  • Governments’ production plans and projections would lead to about 240% more coal, 57% more oil, and 71% more gas in 2030 than would be consistent with limiting global warming to 1.5°C.
  • Global gas production is projected to increase the most between 2020 and 2040 based on governments’ plans. This continued, long-term global expansion in gas production is inconsistent with the Paris Agreement’s temperature limits.


Production Gap Report 2021_3.1


Production gap report UNEP: COVID-19 recovery

The G20 countries has channelised $300 billion to fossil fuels since the beginning of the pandemic, and the sector is still enjoying significant fiscal incentives.

  • Notably, capital flow towards fossil fuels is higher than to clean energy in the post COVID-19 recovery phase.
  • The commitments at the UN COP26 would decide the fate of fossil fuel production across the world.


Status of Coral Reefs of the World Report


Production gap report 2021 India

  • The report indicates that India has projected an increase in production of all the fossil fuels—coal, oil and natural gas.
  • Notably, India has not set any commitment to achieve net-zero carbon emission.


Fossil Fuel Rank in Global Production Share of Global Production
Coal 5th 7%
Oil 24th 1%
Natural Gas 23rd 1%


State of Climate Services Report 2021


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