“PARAM Ganga” Supercomputer- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 3: Science and Technology- Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life; Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers.
“PARAM Ganga” Supercomputer in News
- Recently, the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)has deployed “PARAM Ganga”, a supercomputer at IIT Roorkee.
“PARAM Ganga” Supercomputer
- Design and Development: The “PARAM Ganga” system is designed and commissioned by C-DAC under Phase 2 of the build approach of the NSM.
- Substantial components utilized to build this system are manufactured and assembled within India along with an indigenous software stack developed by C-DAC.
- This is a step towards the Make in India initiative of the Government.
- Capacity: “PARAM Ganga” Supercomputer has been built with a supercomputing capacity of 1.66 Petaflops.
- Importance: “PARAM Ganga” Supercomputer will accelerate the research and development activities in multidisciplinary domains of science and engineering with a focus to provide computational power to the user community of IIT Roorkee and neighbouring academic institutions.
Important Points about National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
- Mandate: National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) plans to build and deploy 24 facilities with cumulative compute power of more than 64 Petaflops.
- Parent Ministry: National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) is being steered jointly by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeiTY) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
- Implementation: The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) is being implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
- C-DAC has been entrusted the responsibility to design, development, deployment, and commissioning the supercomputing systems under the built approach of NAM.
- Under the build approach, C-DAC is building an indigenous supercomputing ecosystem in a phased manner.
- Performance: Till now C-DAC has deployed 11 systems at IISc, IITs, IISER Pune, JNCASR, NABI-Mohali and C-DAC under NSM Phase-1 and Phase-2 with a cumulative computing power of more than 20 Petaflops.
- Total 36,00,000 computational jobs have been successfully completed by around 3600 researchers across the nation on the NSM systems to date.
- Key Developments: Some of the large-scale applications which are being developed under NSM include the following.
- NSM Platform for Genomics and Drug Discovery.
- Urban Modelling: Science-Based Decision Support Framework to Address Urban Environment Issues (Meteorology, Hydrology, Air Quality).
- Flood Early Warning and Prediction System for River Basins of India.
- HPC Software Suite for Seismic Imaging to aid Oil and Gas Exploration.
- MPPLAB: Telecom Network Optimization.
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