UPSC Exam   »   NFHS 5 UPSC

NFHS 5: Phase II Findings

 

NFHS 5 : Relevance

GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

NFHS 5 : Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has released the findings of National Family Health Survey (NFHS 5).

 

NFHS 5 : Key points

  • The States and UTs which were surveyed in the Phase-II: Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, NCT of Delhi, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • The findings of NFHS survey in respect of 22 States & UTs covered in Phase-I were released in December, 2020.
  • The all-India level factsheet released includes information on 131 key indicators.
  • Many indicators of NFHS 5 are similar to NFHS-4 carried out in 2015-16 to make possible comparisons over time.
  • However, NFHS 5 survey includes some new focal areas, such as, pre-school education, expanded domains of child immunization, components of micro-nutrients to children, frequency of alcohol and tobacco use, among others.

 

NFHS 5: Phase II Findings_40.1

 

NFHS 5 : Key findings

Total Fertility Rates

  • TFR is an average number of children per women.
  • The Total Fertility Rates (TFR) declined from 2.2 to 2.0 at the national level and all 14States/UT’s ranging from 1.4 in Chandigarh to 2.4 in Uttar Pradesh.
  • All Phase-II States have achieved replacement level of fertility (2.1) except Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Immunization

  • Full immunization drive among children aged 12-23 months has recorded substantial improvement from 62 per cent to 76 per cent at all-India level.
  • 11out of 14 States/UTs has more than three-fourth of children aged 12-23 months with fully immunization and it is highest (90%) for Odisha.
  • Mission Indradhanush, launched in 2015, has played a key role in expanding the coverage of full immunization by 10% from NFHS-4 to NFHS 5 data.

Institutional births

  • Institutional births have increased substantially from 79 per cent to 89 percent at all-India Level.
  • Institutional delivery is 100 per cent in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu and more than 90 per cent in 7 States/UTs out of 12 Phase II States/UTs.

 

NFHS 5: Phase II Findings_50.1

 

Stunting, wasting, underweight

  • Child Nutrition indicators shows a slight improvement at all-India level.
  • Stunting has declined from 38 per cent to 36 per cent.
  • Wasting has declined from 21 per cent to 19 per cent.
  • Underweight has children from 36 per cent to 32 percent at all India level.
  • In all phase-II States/UTs situation has improved in respect of child nutrition but the change is not significant as drastic changes in respect of these indicators are unlikely in short span period.

Anaemia

  • More than half of the children and women (including pregnant women) are anaemic in all the phase-II States/UTs and all-India level compared to NFHS4.

Breastfeeding

  • Exclusive breastfeeding to children under age 6 months has shown an improvement in all-India level from 55 percent in 2015-16 to 64 per cent in 2019-21.
  • All the phase-II States/UTs are also showing a considerable progress.

Women operating bank accounts

  • Significant progress has been recorded between NFHS-4 and NFHS 5 in regard to women operating bank accounts.
  • The number has increased from 53 percent to 79 percent at all-India level.
  • More than 70 per cent of women in every state and UTs in the second phase have operational bank accounts.

 

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