UPSC Exam   »   Commission for Air Quality Management in...

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas_40.1

 

 

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas- Context

  • Recently, the Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas (CAQM) convened a crucial meeting on an emergent basis today in wake of deteriorating air quality of the Delhi-NCR region.
  • The Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas has also identified 5 different areas contributing to the prevailing adverse air quality of Delhi-NCR. They are-
    1. Paddy stubble burning incidences;
    2. Dust from Construction and Demolition (C&D) activities;
    3. Dust from roads and open areas;
    4. Vehicular Pollution; and
    5. Industrial Pollution

Air Quality Index (AQI)- A report by the Expert Sub-committee

 

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas- Key Points

  • About: The Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) is a statutory body formed under the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas, Act 2021.
    • Earlier, the commission was formed through the promulgation of the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2021.
    • The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas, Act 2021 also dissolved the Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA) established in the NCR in 1998.
  • Mandate: To ensure better coordination, research, identification and resolution of problems surrounding the air quality index and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • Scope: Adjoining areas have been defined as areas in the states of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh adjoining the NCR where any source of pollution may cause an adverse impact on air quality in the NCR.
  • Composition: The Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas will consist of:
    1. A Chairperson,
    2. An officer of the rank of a Joint Secretary as the member-secretary and Chief Coordinating Officer,
    3. A currently serving or former Joint Secretary from the central government as a full-time member,
    4. Three independent technical members with expertise related to air pollution, and
    5. Three members from non-government organizations.
  • The Commission will also include ex-officio members:
    • From the central government and concerned state governments, and
    • Technical members from CPCB, Indian Space Research Organisation, and NITI Aayog.
    • May also appoint representatives of certain ministries.
  • Tenure: The Chairperson and members of the Commission will have a tenure of three years or till the age of seventy years, whichever is earlier.
  • Selection Committee for appointment: will be constituted by the central government for recommending appointments of members of the Commission. The Committee will include-\
    • Chairperson- Minister in charge of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
    • Members of the Committee will include
      • Minister of Commerce and Industry,
      • Minister of Road Transport and Highways,
      • Minister of Science and Technology, and
      • Cabinet Secretary.
    • Sub-Committees: The Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas is required to form sub-committees on-
      • Monitoring and identification headed by a Member of the Commission.
      • Safeguarding and enforcement headed by the Chairperson of the Commission and
      • Research and development headed by a technical member of the commission.

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas_50.1

 

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas- Key Functions

  • Co-ordinating actions taken under the Ordinance by concerned state governments (Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh),
  • Planning and executing plans to prevent and control air pollution in the NCR,
  • Providing a framework for identification of air pollutants,
  • Conducting research and development through networking with technical institutions,
  • Training and creating a special workforce to deal with issues related to air pollution, and
  • Preparing various action plans such as increasing plantation and addressing stubble burning.

 

Ozone Pollution: Causes, Impacts and Steps taken to Reduce Ozone Pollution

 

Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas- Key Powers

  • Restricting activities influencing air quality,
  • Investigating and conducting research related to environmental pollution impacting air quality,
  • Preparing codes and guidelines to prevent and control air pollution, and
  • Issuing directions on matters including inspections, or regulations that will be binding on the concerned person or authority.
  • The Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas may impose and collect environmental compensation from farmers causing pollution by stubble burning.
    • This compensation will be prescribed by the central government.

 

Microplastic Pollution: Severity of the Problem, Its Impacts and Suggestive Measures

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.
Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *