UPSC Exam   »   Major Sites of Harappa Civilization

Major Sites of Harappa Civilization

 

The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), also known as the Indus Civilisation, or Harappan civilization was a Bronze Age civilisation in the north western regions of South Asia. It lasted from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The Indus civilisation is also known as the Harappan Civilisation, after its type site, Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated early in the 20th century in what was then the Punjab province of British India and is now in Pakistan. In this article, we will discuss the various sites of Harappan civilization and their excavation.

 

Year Site Location Excavated by Major findings
1921 Harappa Sahiwal District, Punjab; near the banks of Ravi Daya Ram Sahni
  • Piece of Pottery with Indus Script
  • Cubical Limestone Weight
  • Sandstone statues of Human anatomy
  • Copper Bullock cart
  • Granaries
  • Coffin burials (Only founded in Harrapa)
  • Terracotta Figurines
1922 Mohenjo-Daro Larkana District of Sind; near the bank of Indus R. D Banerjee
  • Great bath
  • Granary
  • Unicorn Seals
  • Bronze dancing girl statue
  • Seal of a man with deers, elephants, tiger and rhinos around- (Considered to be Pashupati Seal)
  • Steatite statue of beard man
  • Bronze buffalo
1929 Sutkagendor Baluchistan; on Dast river Stein
  • Trade point between Harappa and Babylon
  • Flint Blades
  • Stone Vessels
  • Stone Arrowheads
  • Shell Beads
  • Pottery
1931 Chanhudaro

(only city without a citadel)

Mullan Sandha, Sind; on the Indus river N G Majumdar
  • Bangle Factory
  • Ink Pot
  • Bead makers shop
  • Footprint of a dog chasing a cat
  • Cart with a seated driver
1935 Amri Close to Balochistan; on the bank of Indus river N G Majumdar
  • Antelope evidence
  • Rhinoceros’ evidence
1953 Kalibangan Hanumangarh District, Rajasthan on the bank of Ghaggar river Amlanand Ghose
  • Lower fortified town
  • Wooden drainage
  • Copper Ox
  • Evidence of earthquake
  • Wooden plough
  • Camel’s bone
  • Fire alters
  • Camel’s bones
  • Furrowed land
1953 Lothal Gujarat; on Bhogva river near the Gulf of

Cambay

R. Rao
  • Port Town
  • Graveyard
  • Ivory weight balance
  • Copper dog
  • First manmade port
  • Dockyard
  • Rice husk
  • Fire alters
  • Chess-playing
1964 Surkotada Gujarat J P Joshi
  • Bones of horses
  • Beads
  • Stone Covered Beads
1974 Banawali (Only city with radial streets) Fatehabad district of Haryana R S Bisht
  • Beads
  • Barley
  • Oval shaped settlement
  • Toy plough
  • The largest number of barley grains
1985 Dholavira (Only site to be divided into three parts) Gujarat; in Rann of Kutchchh R S Bisht
  • Exclusive water management
  • Giant water reservoir
  • Unique water harnessing system
  • Dams
  • Embankments
  • Stadium
  • Rock – Cut architecture

 

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