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PANEX-21 Exercise: Pune hosted PANEX-21 Military Exercise

PANEX-21: Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • GS Paper 3: Disaster Management- Disaster and disaster management.

PANEX-21 Exercise: Pune hosted PANEX-21 Military Exercise_40.1


PANEX-21: Context

  • Recently, the Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Exercise PANEX-21 were held at Pune from 20-22 Dec 2021.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic and PANEX-21: in the backdrop of a Covid pandemic, Participants also held discussions on various aspects related to challenges faced, envisaged contingencies and Mitigation measures in the conduct of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations.
    • PANEX-21 also involved the equipment capability demonstration by the Indian Industries in tackling any future pandemic-like situations.



PANEX-21: Key Points

  • About: PANEX-21 is a multi-national Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief exercise held among BIMSTEC Countries.
  • Objective: PANEX-21 aims to build regional cooperation among BIMSTEC Member countries in responding to various natural disasters.
  • Participation: PANEX-21 exercise witnessed participation from the senior officials from BIMSTEC countries, government officials and subject matter experts as speakers.
    • BIMSTEC Countries- Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand.
    • BIMSTEC Full Form: Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation.

SITMEX Exercise-21


PANEX-21: How it was conducted?

  • The participants of the exercise will be divided into eight syndicates. One syndicate from the participating countries and two from India.
  • It will analyze the capabilities of member states in responding to natural disasters. The countries will share their best practices.
  • The exercise will review the procedures of preparedness and response. It will then recommend the evolution of organized structure.
  • During the exercise, the countries will discuss military–to–military cooperation protocol.

PANEX-21- Significance

  • Countering Natural Disasters: Due to climate change and associated issues, the Bay of Bengal region has witnessed many cyclones and disturbances in the recent past like Cyclone Amphan and Jawad.
    • PANEX-21 exercise will help India and other bordering countries prepare well and manage these disasters effectively.
  • PANEX-21 promotes regional cooperation which will also help in effectively managing COVID-like pandemics in the future and minimize the human and material loss in the region.


Exercise Peace Mission 2021

Exercise Peace Mission 2021

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