UPSC Exam   »   India-Japan Relations

India-Japan Relations | Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management

India-Japan Relations- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

India-Japan Relations | Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management_40.1

 

India-Japan Relations in News

  • Recently, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has given its ex-post facto approval for a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) between India and Japan in the area of Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management.
  • Keeping in view the ongoing India-Japan cooperation, it has been decided to have an agreement with Japan to exchange experience and expertise in the decentralized treatment sector.

India-Japan Relations | Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management_50.1

 

MoC in the Area of Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management

  • About: It was signed between the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and The Ministry of the Environment of Japan in the areas of Decentralized Domestic Waste Water Management.
  • Implementation: A Management Council (MC) will be formed which will be responsible for the implementation of this MoC by formulating detailed activities of collaboration and the monitoring of its progress.
  • Mandate: It was signed for promoting cooperation for Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management in-
    • Preserving the water environment in the public water areas and
    • Improvement of public health, based on the principles of equality and mutual benefit between the two countries.
  • Scope: The scope of cooperation is mostly focusing on Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management and the Effective reuse of treated wastewater.
  • Significance: MoC will encourage and facilitate cooperation-
    • In areas of mutual interest in exchanging information and
    • Expertise on Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management through Seminars, conferences and capacity building.

Parliamentary System of Japan

भारत-जापान संबंध | विकेन्द्रीकृत घरेलू अपशिष्ट जल प्रबंधन

Funding for MoC in Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management

  • There shall be no financial obligations on both the Parties under this MoC.
  • To facilitate the activities under this MOC, case-specific details, may be created, covering detailed specifications in the respective areas as well as other pertinent matters such as the financial arrangement of such case-specific programmes and Projects.

Indian Antarctic Bill 2022

 

Impact of MoC in the Area of Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management

  • The collaboration with Japan through the MoC shall prove to be very fruitful in areas such as-
    • Decentralized Domestic Wastewater Management and
    • Effective reuse of treated wastewater using Johkasou technology.
  • The decentralized Johkasou systems can have greater implications for the management of grey/ black water from settlements with coverage under the Jal Jeevan Mission as well as the sustainability of sources of fresh water under the mission
  • It will help Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to plan better for the complex issue of treating wastewater.

 

India-US 2+ 2 Dialogue 2022

India-US 2+ 2 Dialogue 2022

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