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AQEES: Third Round of QES Report Released

 

AQEES UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

QES report: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Labour & Employment has released the Report of third quarter of Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) for the period October-December, 2021, prepared by the Labour Bureau.

AQEES: क्यूईएस रिपोर्ट का तीसरा दौर जारी

Third Round of QES Report Released: Key findings

  • These nine sectors accounted for about 85% of the total employment in   units with 10 or more workers in the 6th Economic Census.
  • The Report indicates increasing trend in employment in organized segment, employing 10 or more workers, of the selected nine sectors.
  • Manufacturing’ sector is the largest employer accounting for around 39% of the estimated total number of workers followed by Education Sector 22%.
  • Almost all (99.4%) establishments were registered under different statutes.
  • Overall, around 23.55% of units provided on-the-job training to their workers.
  • Among 9 sectors, 34.87% of units in health sector provided on-the-job training, followed by IT/BPOs at 31.1%.
  • About 1.85 lakhs vacancies were reported across the 9 sectors.
  • 85.3% of the workers were Regular workers and 8.9% contract workers.

 

AQEES: Third Round of QES Report Released_40.1

 

Third Round of QES Report Released: Sector-wise employment

Sector Share of total employment
Manufacturing 39.4%
Education 22%
IT/BPOs 11%
Health 10.4%
Trade 5.3%
Transport 4.2%
Financial Services 2.8%
Accommodation and Restaurants 2.6%
Construction 2%

 

What is AQEES?

  • The objective of AQEES is to provide quarterly updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised and unorganised segments of nine selected sectors.
  • These sectors altogether account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.
  • QES captures employment data in respect of establishments employing 10 or more workers, mostly constituting the organized segment, in the nine selected sectors.
  • Nine sectors: Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/ BPO and Financial Services.

 

AQEES: Third Round of QES Report Released_50.1

 

About AQEES

  • In April 2021, the Ministry of Labour and Employment was entrusted with five major All India Surveys by the Government of India. They are-
  1. All-India Survey of Migrant Workers,
  2. All-India Survey on Domestic Workers,
  3. All-India Survey on Employment generated in Transport Sector,
  4. All-India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals and
  5. All-India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey (AQEES)
  • Design and development: Above five surveys have been developed and designed by Labour Bureau under the technical guidance of an expert group chaired by Prof S. P. Mukherjee and co-chaired by Dr Amitabh Kundu.
  • Expected benefits:
    • Promote paperless collection of data as these surveys will use tablet PCs in the field work.
    • Use of latest technology is likely to reduce the survey completion time by at least 30 – 40%.
    • For the first time, these surveys will be conducted in major regional languages.
    • These surveys will plug in the data gap on various aspects of labour and employment.
    • These surveys will aid evidence-based policy-making processes.

 

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