Relevance of Daily UPSC Current Affairs for UPSC
Daily UPSC Current Affairs for UPSC- 09 December 2022 : Read today’s important Daily Current Affairs For UPSC Prelims Examination 2023. Today i.e. on 09th December 2022, we are covering some important UPSC Daily Current Affairs which are specifically important for UPSC Prelims and other prestigious All India competitive examinations.
Why Cyclone Mandous in news?
Several districts of T.N. on high alert due to Cyclone Mandous which is expected to cross India’s coast between Puducherry and Sriharikota on the night of December 9.
Who Named ”Mandous” to Cyclone Mandous?
- The approaching storm was named by the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
- The UAE gave the name being the member of World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).
What is the meaning of word ”Mandous”?
- In Arabic, the word ”Mandous” means a ‘treasure box’ and is pronounced as ‘Man-Dous’.
- It is a slow moving cyclone and absorbs a lot of moisture.
- The cyclone gains strength in the form of wind speeds.
Who names Cyclones?
Cyclones across the world are named by the respective specialised regional meteorological centres and tropical cyclone warning centres. There are six regional centres, including the IMD, and five tropical warning centres.
What is a cyclone?
- A cyclone is a low pressure system that forms over warm waters.
- Essentially, it is a system of high speed winds rotating around a low-pressure area, with the winds blowing counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
- According to the World Meteorological Organization, Tropical cyclones are one of the biggest threats to life and property even in the formative stages of their development.
- They include a number of different hazards that can individually cause significant impacts on life and property, such as storm surge, flooding, extreme winds, tornadoes and lighting.
- Combined, these hazards interact with one another and substantially increase the potential for loss of life and material damage.
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant
Why in news?
The remaining four units of 1000 MW each of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant will be completed by 2027
Background of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant
- The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is the largest nuclear power plant in India, situated in Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu.
- Construction began in March 2002, but the launch was delayed due to protests by local fishermen.
- It became operational in 2013.
What is the present capacity of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant?
- The projected installed capacity of Kudankulam site is 6000 MW, comprising six nuclear power reactors of 1000 MW capacity each.
- The first two units i.e. KKNPP-1&2 (2X1000 MW) are in operation and the remaining four units i.e. KKNPP-3&4 (2X1000 MW) and KKNPP-5&6 (2X1000 MW) are under construction.
This Day in History(09 December, 1946)
What important happened on 09 December, 1946
- On the 9th December 1946, the Constituent Assembly met for first time in New Delhi in the Constitution Hall, which is now known as Central Hall of Parliament House.
Brief Introduction about Constituent Assembly
- On 9 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly sat for the first time. In the span of 2 years and 11 months, it completed its task of framing the Indian Constitution. During this period the Constituent Assembly had 11 sessions and sat for a total of 166 days. On 26 November the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India which came into force on 26 January 1950.
- The Constitution making process was organised around the deliberations of the Constituent Assembly. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected on a limited franchise.
- The Cabinet Mission Plan, which set up the Constituent Assembly of India, discarded full adult franchise for elections to the Constituent Assembly and instead suggested indirect elections by members of the recently elected Provincial Legislative Assemblies.
- In addition to members elected by the Provincial Legislative Assembly (292), the Princely States and the Chief Commissioner’s Provinces contributed 93 and 4 members of the Constituent Assembly taking the total membership to 389.
- After partition, the total number of seats came down to 299 as some Provinces and Princely States became part of Pakistan. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly.
19th Asian Art Biennale
Why in news?
- Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the 19th Asian Art Biennale in Dhaka on Thursday.
- The month-long art-show being held at the Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy (BSA) premises in Dhaka will showcase 712 pieces of artwork created by 493 artists from 114 countries including 149 Bangladeshi artists.
Why Asian Art Biennale is organized?
The Biennale is dedicated to the memory of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman who conceptualised BSA which has been holding the event for several years.
What activities will happen at 19th Asian Art Biennale?
- The 19th Asian Art Biennale is an event that will exhibit a variety of art-forms including paintings, prints, photographs, installation, performance art, sculpture and new media art created by the participating artists from across the globe.
- A two day seminar is also being held as part of the biennale on the theme of ‘Home and Displacement’.
- A number of art-critics, jury and observers from Bangladesh and abroad will take part in the deliberations of the seminar.
- In addition to the exhibition at the BSA, paintings from 42 master artists of Bangladesh will also be exhibited as part of the event.
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