UPSC Daily Current Affairs(06-12-2022): Read today’s important Daily Current Affairs For UPSC Prelims Examination 2023. Today i.e. on 06th December 2022, we are covering some important UPSC Daily Current Affairs which are specifically important for UPSC Prelims and other prestigious All India competitive examinations.
Why Mahaparinirvan Diwas in news?
- December 6 is observed as the Mahaparinirvan Diwas, or the death anniversary, of Dr BR Ambedkar.
- So, today is 66th death anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar.
- Parinirvan’ can be translated as ‘nirvan’ after death, or freedom from the cycles of life and death.
What Dr. BR Ambedkar did?
- BR Ambedkar’s biggest contribution to India is his fight against untouchability. The seeds were sowed in him during his school years when he was discriminated against for being a Dalit.
- Ambedkar established the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha at Mumbai in 1924 to help address and ease the difficulties faced by the untouchables and educate them.
- Ambedkar fought for the rights of Dalits to use the same drinking water source as other upper castes.
- Ambedkar signed the Poona Pact on September 25, 1932 to provide reservations to the the oppressed classes in the legislature. They became known as the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
- He hated the caste system among Hindus and criticized it strongly in his book, Annihilation of Caste.
- Ambedkar was a jurist. He became the nation’s first Minister of Law and Justice, and helped draft the Constitution of India.
- Ambedkar embraced Buddhism on October 14, 1956 and converted about 5 lakh of his supporters to the religion. He died on December 6, that year.
Iran’s mortality police
Why Iran’s mortality police in news?
Many reports are coming out that Iran’s mortality police “has been closed,” after a nationwide protest.
Who are Iran’s mortality police?
- The morality police, attached to Iranian law enforcement, are mandated to ensure the respect of Islamic morals as described by the Islamic Republic’s top clerical authorities.
- The typical unit consists of a van with a mixed male and female crew that patrols or waits at busy public spaces to police behavior and dress considered improper.
- People apprehended by the morality police are either given a notice or, in a few cases, taken to “correctional facilities” or a police station where they are lectured on how to dress or act morally before being released to their male relatives.
- Fines are sometimes given, although there is no general rule about pecuniary punishment.
- In Islam, hijab refers to what is deemed modest attire. Under Iran’s sharia, or Islamic law, women are obliged to cover their hair and wear long, loose-fitting clothes to disguise their figures.
- Decades after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, clerical rulers still struggle to enforce the law, with many women of all ages and backgrounds wearing tight-fitting, thigh-length coats and brightly colored scarves pushed back to expose plenty of hair.
- The morality police are often made up of and backed by the Basij, a paramilitary force initially mobilized to fight in the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s.
- Basij have a presence in every Iranian university to monitor people’s dress and behavior, as higher learning is where Iranian male and females meet for the first time in a mixed educational environment.
Advisory group to Boost ”Bamboo sector”
Why Bamboo sector in news?
- The Union Agriculture Minister Shri Narendra Singh Tomar had approved the formation of an Advisory Group for streamlining the development of the Bamboo sector.
- The Advisory group encompasses the representation of various stakeholders viz., academicians, researchers, innovators, progressive entrepreneurs, designers, farmer leaders, marketing specialists and policy makers.
- The inter-ministerial and public- private consultation is envisaged to dovetail the bamboo initiatives of the Ministries/ Departments and to help revamp the developmental architecture of the sector by incorporating synergy between all the sections related to the bamboo value chain.
What is National Bamboo Mission (NBM)?
- The restructured National Bamboo Mission (NBM) was launched during 2018-19 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
- The National Bamboo Mission is striving to bring the benefits of this growing sector to the farmers and human resources of the Nation.
- NBM mainly focuses on the development of complete value chain of Bamboo sector to link growers with consumers starting from planting material, plantation, creation of facilities for collection, aggregation, processing, marketing, micro, small & medium enterprises, skilled manpower and brand building initiative in a cluster approach mode.
How Bamboo Industry provides eco-friendly solutions?
- Over the years of the interventions through policy, facilitations and awareness creations, the bamboo industry is witnessing a phase change by the opening of multiple avenues of the resource utilization.
- Apart from using in the construction sector as design and structural element, the potential of bamboo is multifaceted.
- Ecofriendly mouldable granules from bamboo can replace the use of plastic. Bamboo is a reliable source for the ethanol and bio-energy production due to its fast rate of growth and abundance.
- The market of Bamboo based lifestyle products, cutleries, home decors, handicrafts and cosmetics also is in a growth path.
- Recently, the Prime Minister inaugurated the new terminal of the Bengaluru (Kempagowda) Airport in which the versatility of bamboo as an architectural and structural material has been proved and the destiny of this green resource defined as the ‘green steel’.
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