UPSC Exam   »   Tackling Air Pollution: Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021   »   Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR...

Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR from Jan 2023

 

Ban on Coal in Delhi UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

Coal ban in Delhi: Context

  • Recently, Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) ordered that use of coal as a fuel will be banned across the National Capital Region (NCR) with effect from January 1, 2023.

 

Coal ban in NCR: Key points

  • For regions where infrastructure for and supply of piped natural gas (PNG) is already available, the ban on the use of coal will come into force from October 1, 2022
  • However, the use of low-sulphur coal in thermal power plants has been exempted from the ban.
  • In February 2022, CAQM had noted that a majority of industries in the NCR were still not operating on PNG or “cleaner fuels”, despite availability of natural gas infrastructure and supply.
  • Such industries in the NCR were then directed to completely switch over to PNG or biomass fuels by September 30 this year, or face closure.
  • On December 7 last year, the CAQM had ordered the closure of those industries which had failed to switch to use of PNG despite supply being available, till December 12.
  • With air quality having deteriorated last winter, the commission had also restricted the timing of operation of industries not running on PNG to eight hours a day for five days a week.

 

Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR from Jan 2023_40.1

 

Coal ban in Delhi NCR: Why needed?

  • Delhi is among the world’s most polluted capital cities.
  • The capital and its adjoining cities-Gurugram, Noida and Ghaziabad have mostly observed a daily AQI at around the 300-400 level mark, which as per the pollution index is considered to be the most toxic air.
  • The environmental experts have listed various reasons behind the polluted air in Delhi-NCR of which burning of coal is one of them.
  • Around 1.7 million tonnes of coal is used annually in industries in the NCR.
  • The commission has issued multiple directions to the state governments in the NCR asking industries to switch to PNG.

 

Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR from Jan 2023_50.1

 

Steps taken to reduce pollution in Delhi

  • Shutting plants: In November 2021, the Delhi government had shut five coal-fired plants in order to combat air pollution.
  • Banned trucks: CAQM had also banned trucks carrying non-essential goods and stopped construction in Delhi and its neighbouring cities.
  • Smog guns: At all major construction sites, anti-smog guns have been installed for controlling pollution.
  • Red Light on, Gaadi off campaign: It is a campaign where volunteers would be holding placards at the traffic lights to request the commuters to switch off their car engines when the signal is red.
  • PUSA decomposer: PUSA’s Indian Agricultural Research Institute have developed a cost-effective, efficient and simple way of dealing with the issue of straw and stubble burning. A solution has been created for spraying in fields for decomposing crop residue.
  • Banning of diesel generators: Delhi, Haryana and UP governments have been directed by the Environment Pollution Authority to ban diesel generators in the NCR region.

 

Read current affairs for UPSC

“CiSS Application” under the Baal Swaraj Portal Launched India-Vietnam Relations: India and Vietnam Sign Mutual Logistics Agreement India Ocean Mission in 2023 Green Open Access Rules 2022
Sustainable Development Report 2022 Biotech Start-up Expo 2022: BIRAC Rapid Increase in India’s Trade with Gulf Cooperation Council National Strategy for Sustainable Tourism, Responsible Traveller Campaign
Ex Khaan Quest 2022 National Tribal Research Institute (NTRI): To be Inaugurated as part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsava Growing Heavy Metal Pollution in Rivers India’s International Cooperation in disability sector- An Overview
Ethanol Blending in India: India Achieved 10% Target Ahead of Schedule Leaders in Climate Change Management Understanding Gun Control Legislation in Various Countries SHRESHTA Scheme Launched

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.