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250th Birth Anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy to be celebrated under Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsava (AKAM)

Raja Ram Mohan Roy Birth Anniversary- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

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Raja Ram Mohan Roy Birth Anniversary in News

  • Ministry of Culture is commemorating the 250th Birth Anniversary of Shri Raja Ram Mohan Roy from 22nd May 2022 to 22nd May 2023.
  • The inaugural ceremony will take place at Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation, Salt Lake, Kolkata, and at Science City Auditorium, Kolkata.

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Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s 250th Birth Anniversary

  • Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav initiative: 250th Birth Anniversary of Shri Raja Ram Mohan Roy is being celebrated under the aegis of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav (AKAM).
  • Statue to be Unveiled: An iconic statue of Raja Ram Mohan Roy will be unveiled by the Minister of Culture, in a virtual mode at Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation, Kolkata.
  • Other Events: Several other events will also be held at Salt Lake, Science City Auditorium, Kolkata.
    • A seminar and quiz program for children will also be organized.
    • A multimedia presentation on various facets of the life of Shri Raja Ram Mohan Roy will also be presented.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy- Indian Social Reformer


About Raja Ram Mohan Roy                      

  • Birth: Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born in Radhanagar, Hooghly District of Bengal Presidency in May 1772.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born into an orthodox Bengali Hindu family.
  • Education: 
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy attained higher education in Patna, Bihar where he studied Persian and Arabic.
    • Learning various Languages: Raja Ram Mohan Roy had learned Bangla, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit along with Hindi and English.
  • Learning about Religions: Raja Ram Mohan Roy moved to Varanasi and studied the Vedas, the Upanishads and Hindu philosophy deeply.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy also acquired knowledge about Christianity and Islam as well.
  • Association with British Government: Raja Ram Mohan Roy worked in the Revenue Department of the East India Company from 1809 to 1814.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy also worked as a personal Diwan to Woodforde and Digby.
  • Association with Educational Institutions: Raja Ram Mohan Roy helped in establishing many educational institutions to educate Indians in Western scientific education in English. For example-
    • Hindu College, (1817): Raja Ram Mohan Roy helped David Hare’s efforts to establish the Hindu College in 1817.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s English school taught mechanics and Voltaire’s philosophy. In 1822, Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded a school based on English education.
    • Vedanta college (1825): Vedanta College established by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, offered courses in both Indian learning and Western social and physical sciences.

‘Labarthiyon Se Rubaroo’ Initiative | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव (AKAM) के तहत मनाई जाएगी राजा राममोहन राय की 250वीं जयंती

Raja Ram Mohan Roy- Literary Work

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy wrote a rational critique of Hindu idol worship at the age of sixteen.
  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy translated the Vedas and five of the Upanishads into Bengali.
  • Important writings: Raja Ram Mohan Roy wrote Tuhfat-ul-Muwahhiddin (a gift to deists) (1803), Gift to monotheists (1809), Kathopanishad (1816), Mundaka Upanishad (1917), Precepts of Jesus (1820), etc.
  • Important Journals-
    • Samvad Kaumudi (1821) in Bengali: It regularly denounced sati as a barbaric act and against the tenets of Hinduism.
    • The Brahmanical Magazine (1821)
    • Mirat-ul-Akhbar (a Persian language journal) 1822.

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav- Climate Change Awareness Campaign and National Photography Competition


Key Facts about Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav (AKAM)

  • About: Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of progressive India and the glorious history of its people, culture and achievements.
    • Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav is an embodiment of all that is progressive about India’s socio-cultural, political, and economic identity.
  • Celebrating People of India: Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is dedicated to the people of India who have been instrumental in bringing India thus far in its evolutionary journey.
    • People of India also hold within them the power and potential to enable the Prime Minister’s vision of activating India 2.0, fuelled by the spirit of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • Beginning of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: The official journey of “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav” commenced on 12th March 2021 which starts a 75-week countdown to our 75th anniversary of Independence.
  • Categorize: Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is envisioned to be celebrated in five categories –
    • Freedom Struggle,
    • Idea @75,
    • Achievements @75,
    • Action @75 and
    • Resolve @75


Raja Ram Mohan Roy- Indian Social Reformer


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