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SCO-RATS Meeting in India


Shanghai Cooperation Organisation UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.


SCO RATS: Context

  • Recently, India hosted the three-day meeting under the framework of the SCO’s Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) where the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) member nations deliberated on boosting cooperation in combating various regional security challenges.


SCO RATS India: Key points

  • A major focus of the discussions was to be on the situation in Afghanistan, especially in dealing with the threat from terror groups active in the Taliban-ruled country.
  • It is the first such event in India since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and China’s transgressions at the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • The member countries have agreed to member countries will send security force personnel for joint anti-terror exercises expected to be held at the NSG facility in Manesar.


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Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: India and Pakistan

  • India and Pakistan have close to no bilateral engagement, both countries make a point of attending the 9-nation SCO meetings.
  • Last year, India had sent a delegation to Pakistan to take part in last year’s edition of the SCO-RATS exercises.
  • Now, all eyes will be on 2023, when India is due to host the SCO summit, which could see leaders of Pakistan and China participate, despite the tensions in bilateral ties.


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What is SCO?

  • The SCO is an economic and security grouping and has emerged as one of the largest transregional international organisations.
  • The member-states of SCO are Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

भारत में एससीओ-आरएटीएस बैठक

What is SCO-RATS?

  • The Agreement on the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) as a permanent SCO body was signed during a meeting of the Council of Heads of SCO Member States in 2002, in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • RATS platform provides a mechanism for interaction between the border services of the competent authorities of the SCO member states to address a separate area of ensuring the security of the SCO member states from transnational crimes associated with terrorism, such as illegal migration and trafficking of drugs, weapons, explosives, etc.
  • India assumed chairmanship of the Council of Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of SCO (RATS SCO) on October 28 last year for a period of one year.
  • India has shown keen interest in deepening its security-related cooperation with the SCO and its Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure, which specifically deals with issues relating to security and defence.


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