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PM Reviews Implementation of National Education Policy

 

National Education Policy 2022: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

National Education Policy for Naya Bharat: Context

  • Recently, the Prime Minister has reviewed the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, and observed that the implementation of NEP 2020 has seen many initiatives being unrolled to achieve the objectives of the policy.

प्रधानमंत्री ने राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति के क्रियान्वयन की समीक्षा की

Review of national education policy 2020: Key points

School education

  • Steps taken: Initiatives like quality ECCE in Balavatika, NIPUN Bharat, Vidya Pravesh, examination reforms and innovative pedagogies like Art-Integrated Education, toy-based pedagogy are being adopted for better learning outcomes and holistic development of children.

 

Multi Modal Education

  • Steps taken: SWAYAM, DIKSHA, SWAYAM PRABHA, Virtual Labs and other online resource portals have all seen sharp rise in the hits and student registrations.
    • UGC has notified Open and Distance Learning (ODL) and Online Programmes Regulations under which 59 Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) are offering 351 full-fledged Online programmes and 86 HEIs are offering 1081 ODL programmes.

 

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Innovation and Start Up

  • Steps taken: Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievement (ARIIA) aligned with NEP has been launched for creating a culture of research, incubation and start-ups.
    • 100 Institutions have been funded by AICTE with industry participation for Idea Development, Evaluation and Application (IDEA) Labs for Experiential learning rather than rote learning.

 

Promotion of Indian Languages

  • Steps taken: Content on DIKSHA platform has been made available in 33 Indian languages.
    • NIOS has introduced Indian Sign Language (ISL) as a language subject at the Secondary Level.
    • NTA has conducted the JEE exam in 13 languages.
    • AICTE has developed an AI-based translation App and study material is being translated into Indian languages.
    • Indian Knowledge System is being promoted as per recommendations of NEP 2020.
    • An Indian Knowledge System (IKS) cell has been established in AICTE and 13 IKS Centres have opened across the country.

 

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About National Education Policy

  • It is the third education policy of our country. The earlier two was launched in 1968 and 1986.
    • This national policy came after a gap of 34 years.
  • It is based on the recommendations of Kasturirangan committee.
  • It renames the Ministry of Human Resource Development to Ministry of Education.
  • It proposes a 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure.

 

Stages Years Class Features
Foundational 3-8 3 years of pre-primary and 1-2 Flexible, multi-level, activity-based learning
Preparatory 9-11 3-5 Light textbooks, more formal but interactive classroom learning
Middle 12-14 6-8 Introduction of subject teachers for learning of more abstract concepts, experimental learning
Secondary 15-18 9-12 Reading in-depth, critical thinking, greater attention to life aspirations

 

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