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IPS Full Form: Exam, Eligibility, Salary, and Training

IPS Full Form

The Full form of IPS is Indian Police Service, which is one of the prominent branch of All India Services along with IAS and IFS. The IPS was founded in 1948 after replacing the Indian Imperial Police and it works under the Ministry of Home Affairs. An IPS officer needs to ensure the safety of citizens by playing a huge role in maintaining peace and order. They also command and provide leadership to state and UTs’ police forces, CAPF forces (BSF, SSB, CRPF, CISF & ITBP), National Security Guards, and other such forces.

Moreover, the Indian Police Service is one of the most dignified jobs of the country and every year many aspirants burn midnight oil to get their dream job to serve the country by qualifying the UPSC exam which is considered one of the toughest exams of the country. It ranks 2nd on the list of 24 services offered by UPSC through annually held civil services examination.

IPS officers become a great leader for the personnel working under them by showing righteous behavior, courageous attitude and dedication towards the job as well as having a strong sense of service to the people. IPS candidates hold office of ASP, SP, SSP, DIG, IGP, ADGP, DGP, DIB, etc. Many youngsters find it adventurous and full of thrill to make sure that josh always remain high while fulfilling their duties as an IPS officer.

Once the Indian Constitution was written that was in 1950, the Indian Police Service (IPS) was constituted under Article 312 of the Constitution of India as one of the three All India Services.

How to Become an IPS Officer?

IPS or the Indian Police Service is a management cadre of the Indian Police and is one of the three all-India Services of the Government of India. Candidates selected as IPS officers lead the various state- and national-level police forces such as CBI, R&AW, IB, and so on. Getting top ranks usually under AIR 150 makes a way to join as an IPS officer.

These candidates further undergo training for 2 years before starting their career as Deputy/Assistant Superintendent of Police in any of the state cadres.

UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE) is a 3 stage process. These stages are as follows:

Stage 1 – Preliminary Exam (objective)

Stage 2 – Main Exam (written)

Stage 3 – Interview (personality test)

This total process usually takes a total time period of 10-12 months (usually from June month of a year to June month next year till the results are announced).

IPS Full Form: Roles of An IPS Officer

Addressing the 73rd batch of the Regular Recruit Indian Police Service, National security advisor of India, Ajit Doval has rightly mentioned “The people are most important. The new frontier of war – what we call fourth-generation warfare – is civil society. But it is the civil society that can be subverted, that can be suborned, that can be a divided idea, that can be manipulated to hurt the interest of a nation,” he said. “And you are there to see that they stand fully protected. The service of the people is the greatest service not only from the point of view of our nation-building but also from the point of view of national security.”

IPS is a highly dignified and prestigious service responsible for maintaining the internal security of India. Sardar Patel defined it as one of the most fundamental pillars of the Indian democracy along with IAS responsible for the maintenance of law and order, peace, sovereignty and integrity of India.

Various roles they have to perform as an IPS officer –

  1. Maintaining peace and order in society – Prevention of crime is the utmost goal of their duty in order to maintain public order and peace.
  2. Protecting Borders of the country  – An IPS officer also has to maintain peace at the borders. Further, it remains a day to day duty after you enter the IPS.
  3. Handling VIP security – Providing security to important people and maintaining security and peace at important events is also their area of duty.
  4. Railway policing – railway policing is also one of the duties.
  5. Addressing Economic Offences – dealing with economic offences like Corruption.
  6. Investigation duties – Detection, and also collection of data to promote safety and security.
  7. Leading and commanding the police forces in organisations like RAW, IB, CBI, CID, and also CAPF in all the states and the UTs.
  8. ensuring prevalence of broader liberal perspective of law and justice.
  9. Work as HoDs in policymaking in various Ministries and Departments under Centre and state.
  10. Interact and coordination – cooperating with Other All India Services and Indian Revenue services (IRS), Indian Armed forces, primarily Army to fulfill their duty of maintaining order.

IPS Full Form: Eligibility Criteria for an IPS Officer

To become an IPS officer, aspirants have to clear the Civil Service Examination which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. The eligibility criteria required for an IPS Officer are mentioned below:

  1. Nationality of the candidate  – Indian citizen
  2. Age limit to apply – Minimum of 21 years and maximum age depending upon the category and physical disability.
  3. Minimum Education Qualification  – Graduation from a recognized university.
  4. Number of Attempts required – Six attempts for Unreserved and EWS (More for other categories)
  5. Restriction on Applying – Officers already serving on the post of the IAS or IFS aren’t eligible
  6. Physical Standards – As per the Rule book of the Exam.

IPS Full Form: Training of An Indian Police Service Officer

Probationary training of all the Indian Police Service officer is held at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, where they complete the foundational course of threee months and after that rest of the training is taken place at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad. After completing their training successfully, they finally become the officers. The IPS officers go through the training period of two and a half years.

Also, they have to go through mandatory Mid Career Training for Indian Police Service officers spread across the entire service span. The topper of the IPS training course receives the Prime Minister’s Baton. IPS training includes physical training and various laws necessary for law enforcement activities. IPS training is more difficult and requires more physical activities.

The Police Division in the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for Cadre management of the Indian Police Service and Policy Decisions such as cadre structure, recruitment, training, cadre allocation, confirmation, emoluments, deputation, pay and allowances, disciplinary matters of Indian Police Service Officers. The Service is organized in 26 State cadres, and reviewed after every 5 years.

IPS Full Form: IPS Salary Structure

IPS is the only government position that has a uniform code. The salary of an IPS officer is very much comparable to the salary of an IAS officer, with only some minor differences. According to the 7th pay commission, the system of pay grades for civil services has been removed and the consolidation pay level has been introduced. Hence, the IPS pay scale is decided only on the basic pay along with TA, DA, and HRA.

Designation Basic Pay
Deputy Superintendent of Police 56,100 INR
Additional Superintendent of Police 67,700 INR
Senior Superintendent of Police 78,800.00 INR
Deputy Inspector General of Police 1,31,100.00 INR
Inspector-General of Police 1,44,200.00 INR
Additional Director General of Police 2,05,400.00 INR
Director-General of Police 2,25,000.00 INR

IPS Full Form: Exam, Eligibility, Salary, and Training_40.1


What is the full form of IAS & IPS ?

The full form of IAS is Indian Administrative Service and IPS is Indian Police Service

What is the age limit to become an IPS officer ?

Age limit of IPS officer varies according to the category, for UR- 32 years, OBC- 35 years, SC/ST- 37 years.

hat is the significance of IPS in maintaining law and order in India?

IPS plays a crucial role in ensuring the rule of law, protecting citizens' rights, combating crime, and maintaining public order, contributing to the overall safety and security of the nation.