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UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 PDF, GS and CSAT Exam Pattern

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 : Union Public Service Commission has official released the officially Prelims Exam Date which is going take place on 26th May 2024. This examination marks the initial phase of the UPSC Civil Services Examination, aimed at selecting candidates for esteemed positions in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and other central services. In this article have discuss in depth UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 along with Exam pattern for general paper and CSAT Paper.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024

The UPSC Prelims syllabus 2024 covers a wide range of subjects, testing candidates’ knowledge and understanding of diverse topics. The UPSC Prelims Exam 2024 is scheduled for 26th May 2024. Aspirants should start their preparation well in advance, create a plan to study for exam and focus on building a strong foundation in each subject. With dedication, perseverance, and a strategic approach, candidates can increase their chances of success in the UPSC Prelims Exam and move one step closer to their dream of serving the nation in prestigious administrative roles.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 Overview

The UPSC Exam 2024 stands as one of India’s most esteemed and challenging examinations administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It encompasses three distinct stages: Prelims, Mains, and the Interview. The Prelims stage encompasses two papers, namely General Studies (GS) Paper-I and CSAT Paper-II.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 Overview
Events Dates
UPSC Notification 2024 14th February 2024
UPSC Prelims Exam Registration 14th February 2024
UPSC Prelims Admit Card Release Date May 1st Week
UPSC Prelims Exam Date 26th May 2024
UPSC Mains Admit Card Release Date August 2024

UPSC CSE 2024 General studies Paper 1 Syllabus

The first paper in the UPSC prelims exam consists of General Studies (GS). The UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 for General Studies can be categorised into the subsequent sections.

  1. Current Affairs (Events) of national and international importance.
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
  3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of India and the World.
  4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change: that do not require subject specialization.
  7. General Science

The subject-wise topics that could be commonly asked in the UPSC Prelims Exam has been discussed in the below section. If you are planning to prepare for the UPSC Prelims exam 2024, then you must not skip any topic from the below section as every topic holds its importance.


General Geography

  1. Universe
  2. Earth Evolution


  1. Earth’s Interior
  2. Geology and Rock System
  3. Geomorphic Process
  4. Earthquakes and Volcanism
  5. Distribution of Continents and Oceans
  6. Landforms and their evolution
  7. Landforms across the world


  1. Hydrosphere
  2. Submarine Relief Features
  3. Temperature and Salinity
  4. Waves, Oceans, Currents, Tides
  5. Marine Resources
  6. Ocean, Deposits and Corals


  1. Atmosphere
  2. Inversion of Temperature
  3. Insolation and Heat Budget
  4. Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones and Jet Streams
  5. Wind and Pressure Belts
  6. Precipitation
  7. Climate Zones of the World

Bio Geography

  1. Soil Characteristics
  2. Vegetation Resources

Human and Economic Geography

  1. Demography and Census
  2. Human Development
  3. Economic Activities
  4. Transport and Communication
  5. International Trade
  6. Settlement

Indian Geography

  1. Physiography of India
  2. Drainage System
  3. Climate
  4. Soils in India
  5. Natural Vegetation
  6. Population
  7. Settlements and Urbanization
  8. Land Resource
  9. Mineral Resource
  10. Energy Resource
  11. Agriculture and Basic Terminology
  12. Recent development in agriculture
  13. Productivity of Crops
  14. Industry
  15. Transport
  16. Recent developments in Industry and Transport

World Regional Geography

  1. Continents, Countries, and Cities
  2. Location in News

Ecology & Environment

  1. Origin of Life Forms
  2. Basic Concepts of Ecology
  3. Ecosystem Functions
  4. Population Ecology
  5. Adaptation of Species and Interactions
  6. Terrestrial Ecosystem
  7. Aquatic Ecosystem
  8. Nutrient Cycling


  1. Basics of Bio-Diversity
  2. Animal and Plant Diversity
  3. Threats to Biodiversity
  4. Biodiversity Conservation
  5. Estuaries
  6. Mangroves
  7. Coral Reliefs
  8. Wetlands
  9. Resource Degradation and Management
  10. Environmental Pollution
  11. Climate Change
  12. Environmental Governance


Ancient History

  1. Pre-Historic Times
  2. Indus Valley Civilization
  3. Rig Vedic Period
  4. Later Vedic Period
  5. Jainism
  6. Buddhism
  7. Mahajanpadas
  8. Mauryan Period
  9. Post-Mauryan Period
  10. Gupta Period
  11. Harshwardhana Period
  12. Sangam Period (South-Indian Dynasties)

Medieval History

  1. Major Dynasties of Early Medieval India (Pratiharas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas)
  2. Cholas and South-Indian Kingdoms
  3. Early Muslim Invasions
  4. The Delhi Sultanate
  5. Afghans, Rajputs & Mughals
  6. Establishment of North-Indian Empire
  7. The Mughal Empire
  8. Marathas and the Other Indian States
  9. The decline of the Mughal Empire
  10. Vijaynagar Empire

Modern History

  1. Advent of Europeans
  2. British Expansion
  3. Administration before 1857
  4. Economic Policies of the British
  5. Impact of British Administration
  6. Revolt of 1857
  7. Administrative Changes after 1857
  8. Development of Civil Services
  9. Development of Education
  10. Development of Press
  11. Socio-Religious Reforms
  12. Peasant Movements
  13. Revolutionary Nationalism
  14. Indian National Movement-I (1905-1918)
  15. Indian National Movement-II (1918-1929)
  16. Indian National Movement-III (1930-1947)
  17. Governors-General and Viceroys of India
  18. Constitutional Development of Indian

Art & Culture

  1. Architecture
  2. Sculpture
  3. Paintings
  4. Pottery Tradition
  5. Numismatics
  6. Performing Arts
  7. Religion and Literature
  8. National and Regional Festivals


  1. Evolution of the Consitution
  2. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
  3. Union & Its Territory
  4. Citizenship
  5. Fundamental Rights
  6. Directive Principles of State Policy
  7. Fundamental Duties
  8. System of Governance
  9. Union Executive
  10. Union Legislature
  11. State Executive
  12. State Legislature
  13. Local Government
  14. UT and Special Areas
  15. Judiciary
  16. Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies
  17. Political Dynamics (Political Parties, Elections, Pressure Groups)
  18. Governance
  19. International Relations


Basic Concepts

  1. Macroeconomic Concepts
  2. Microeconomic Concepts

Economic Measurements

  1. National Income & Its Calculation
  2. Economic Growth and Development
  3. Inflation

Money & Banking

  1. Money Function & Classification
  2. Financial Markets & Its Instruments
  3. Banking Structure in India

Public Finance in India

  1. Budgeting
  2. Fiscal Policy
  3. Centre-state Distribution
  4. Tax Structure in India


  1. Meaning, Objective & History
  2. Planning Institutions
  3. Five-Year Plans in India
  4. NITI Aayog

Open Economy

  1. Foreign Trade Concepts
  2. International Organizations
  3. Trade Agreements
  4. Recent Development

Economic Sectors

  1. Poverty
  2. Employment and Unemployment
  3. Government Schemes and Programmes

General Science

  1. Science & Technology in India
  2. Space
  3. IT and Communication
  4. Materials, Nano Technology and Robotics
  5. Defence
  6. Nuclear Technology
  7. Intellectual Property Rights and Other Miscellaneous Issues
  8. Biotechnology

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024

The CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) syllabus for the UPSC exam is designed to assess the candidate’s aptitude and reasoning abilities. Here is the UPSC syllabus 2024 presented in paragraph form, followed by a bullet point format for easy reference: The CSAT syllabus is divided into two papers: Paper I and Paper II.


  • Comprehension: Candidates are tested on their ability to understand and analyze passages.
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills: Focuses on assessing the candidate’s ability to interact with others effectively.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability: Test the candidate’s ability to think logically and solve problems.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving: Candidates are evaluated on their decision-making skills and problem-solving abilities.
  • General mental ability: Assesses the candidate’s mental agility and cognitive skills.


  • Comprehension: Similar to Paper-I, candidates are tested on their comprehension skills.
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills: Focuses on assessing the candidate’s ability to interact with others effectively.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability: Test the candidate’s ability to think logically and solve problems.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving: Candidates are evaluated on their decision-making skills and problem-solving abilities.
  • Basic numeracy: Tests the candidate’s numerical ability and proficiency in basic mathematics.
  • Data interpretation: Assesses the candidate’s ability to interpret and analyze data presented in various formats, such as tables, graphs, and charts.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2024

The UPSC Prelims Exam pattern consists of two papers: General Studies (GS) Paper I and Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) Paper II. Both papers are conducted in offline mode (pen and paper-based) and have a duration of two hours each. GS Paper-I consists of 100 questions, while CSAT Paper-II contains 80 questions. Both papers are objective-type multiple-choice questions (MCQs). GS Paper-I tests candidates on subjects like current affairs, history, geography, polity, economics, science and technology, and environment and ecology. CSAT Paper II assesses candidates’ comprehension, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision-making, and problem-solving skills. The Prelims Exam is a screening test, and only candidates who clear it are eligible for the Mains Exam.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2024
Details General Studies Paper 1 CSAT
Number of questions 100 80
Marking Scheme 2 Marks for every correct answer 2.5 Marks for every correct answer
Negative Marking -0.66 -0.83 marks for every incorrect answer
Duration of exam 2 hours 2 hours
UPSC Prelims 2024 Exam Date 26th May 2024 26th May 2024
Language of exam English/Hindi English/Hindi
Maximum marks 200 200

Books For UPSC Prelims Exam

Books play an indispensable role in preparing for the UPSC Prelims exam, offering profound knowledge, conceptual clarity, and a thorough comprehension of various subjects. Authored by renowned writers and subject experts, these books are tailored to cover the syllabus comprehensively and furnish relevant information. They present a structured approach to studying, facilitating candidates in grasping intricate concepts and theories effectively. Furthermore, books serve as reliable references for consultation and revision, aiding candidates in honing critical thinking skills, enhancing analytical abilities, and refining answer-writing techniques. They also furnish historical context, insights into current affairs, and examples that contribute to a well-rounded understanding of the subjects. Thus, selecting the appropriate books and leveraging them efficiently is paramount for successful UPSC Prelims preparation. Below is a curated list of important books to address the UPSC Syllabus 2024:

  • Ancient India by RS Sharma
  • India after Independence by Bipan Chandra
  • History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra
  • Geography of India by Majid Husain
  • World Atlas (Orient Black Swan)
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography by G C Leong
  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude for Civil Services Main Examination by Subba Rao and P.N. Roy Chaudary
  • Environment and Disaster Management by Tata McGraw Hill
  • Indian Economy – Nitin Singhania
  • Challenges to Internal Security of India by Ashok Kumar

How to Prepare for the UPSC Prelims Exam?

To prepare for the UPSC Prelims exam effectively, candidates can follow the tips provided below:

  1. Understand the syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the UPSC Prelims syllabus and exam pattern.
  2. Create a study plan: Make a comprehensive study plan that covers all subjects and topics, allocating sufficient time for each.
  3. Read NCERT books: Begin your preparation with NCERT books for basic conceptual clarity.
  4. Refer to standard resources: Use recommended books, study materials, and online resources to deepen your understanding of the subjects.
  5. Practice previous year papers: Solve previous year’s question papers to get acquainted with the exam pattern and improve time management skills.
  6. Take mock tests: Regularly take mock tests to assess your preparation level and identify areas of improvement.
  7. Stay updated: Read newspapers, magazines, and online sources to stay updated on current affairs and issues.
  8. Revision: Revise regularly to reinforce your knowledge and ensure retention.
  9. Stay focused and disciplined: Maintain a consistent study routine and stay motivated throughout your preparation.
  10. Seek guidance: Consider joining a reliable coaching institute or seek guidance from mentors or experienced candidates to get valuable insights and guidance.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 PDF, GS and CSAT Exam Pattern_3.1

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How can I prepare for the UPSC Prelims Exam based on the 2024 syllabus?

To prepare for the UPSC Prelims Exam based on the 2024 syllabus, you should start by understanding the exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly.

How should I approach current affairs preparation for the UPSC Prelims?

Current affairs preparation for the UPSC Prelims requires a systematic approach. Read newspapers, both national and regional, on a daily basis to stay updated with current events. Make notes of important news, issues, and developments.

How many questions are there in the UPSC Prelims exam?

The UPSC Prelims exam consists of two papers. Paper-I has 100 questions, while Paper-II (CSAT) contains 80 questions. Each question carries 2 marks, making the total marks for Paper-I 200 and for Paper-II 160.

Can I choose any optional subject for the UPSC Prelims exam?

No, the optional subject choice is applicable only for the UPSC Mains exam. The Prelims exam is a common exam for all candidates, and the optional subject is not considered in this stage.

What is the UPSC Prelims Exam Date 2024?

The UPSC Prelims Exam 2024 will be held on 26th May 2024.


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