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National Rail Plan Vision 2030


National Rail Plan Vision: Relevance

  • GS 3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


National Rail Plan Vision: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Railways have prepared a National Rail Plan (NRP) for India – 2030 to create a ‘future ready’ Railway system by 2030.

राष्ट्रीय रेल योजना विजन 2030

National Rail Plan Vision: Key points

  • The NRP is aimed to formulate strategies based on both operational capacities and commercial policy initiatives to increase modal share of the Railways in freight to 45%.
  • The objective of the Plan is to create capacity ahead of demand, which in turn would also cater to future growth in demand right up to 2050 and also increase the modal share of Railways to 45% in freight traffic and to continue to sustain it.


UPSC Current Affairs


National Rail Plan Vision objectives

  • Formulate strategies based on both operational capacities and commercial policy initiatives to increase modal share of the Railways in freight to 45%.
  • Reduce transit time of freight substantially by increasing average speed of freight trains to 50Kmph.
  • As part of the National Rail Plan, Vision 2024 has been launched for accelerated implementation of certain critical projects by 2024 such as 100% electrification, multi-tracking of congested routes, upgradation of speed to 160 kmph on Delhi-Howrah and Delhi-Mumbai routes, upgradation of speed to 130kmph on all other Golden Quadrilateral-Golden Diagonal (GQ/GD) routes and elimination of all Level Crossings on all GQ/GD route.
  • Identify new Dedicated Freight Corridors.
  • Identify new High Speed Rail Corridors.
  • Assess rolling stock requirement for passenger traffic as well as wagon requirement for freight.
  • Assess Locomotive requirement to meet twin objectives of 100% electrification (Green Energy) and increasing freight modal share.
  • Assess the total investment in capital that would be required along with a periodical break up.
  • Sustained involvement of the Private Sector in areas like operations and ownership of rolling stock, development of freight and passenger terminals, development/operations of track infrastructure etc.


UPSC Current Affairs


Why modernisation of railways needed?

  • The important areas where developments in Indian Railways are needed that includes high speed trains, safety, track modernization, locomotives, signalling system and development of heavy haul system where axle loads and length of trains and usage of renewable energy for conservation of natural resources.
  • The Government has taken some key initiatives in this direction and is also considering announcing key policy initiatives in the Railway’s network expansion, new infrastructure construction and technological up gradation.


Focus Areas for National Rail Plan 2030

  • Policy and Regulatory updates in Indian Railways
  • Effective means for enhancing efficiency & safety in Indian Railways
  • State of the Art Technology and Joint Ventures
  • Participative Models of Rail Connectivity
  • Strategies to leverage private capital in Railways
  • Capacity Augmentation and Infrastructure


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