Democracy Summit- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 2: International Relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Democracy Summit- Context
- Recently, the Indian Prime Minister attended the first Democracy Summit convened by the U.S.A.
- Participating in the first Summit for Democracy, Prime Minister said that the “democratic spirit, including respect for rule of law and pluralistic ethos, is ingrained in Indians”.
Democracy Summit 2021- Key Outcomes
- India’s observations at first Democracy Summit 2021
- The international community must jointly shape global norms for technology such as “social media and cryptocurrencies” so that they are used to empower democracy, “not undermine it”.
- While accepting the technology’s ability to affect democracies, India said that technology companies should contribute to preserving open and democratic societies.
- At the U.S Democratic Summit, India conveyed that the democratic spirit is integral to Indian civilization ethos by highlighting that the elected republican city-states such as Licchavi and Shakya flourished in India as far as 2,500 years back.
- While speaking at the virtual summit for democracy, Indian PM said that the democratic spirit, including respect for rule of law and pluralistic ethos, is ingrained in Indians.
- Presidential Initiative for Democratic Renewal: US President at first Democratic Summit announced the establishment of the Presidential Initiative for Democratic Renewal that will provide foreign assistance initiatives.
- Funding: The initiative for Democratic Renewal will be powered by $424.4 million.
- Key Objective: It will be aimed to support free media, fight corruption, strengthen democratic reforms, for use of technology for democracy, and for defence of free and fair elections.
- Pakistan, China and Democratic Summit 2021:
- Pakistan skipped the Democracy Summit hosted by US President, who invited around 110 countries to a virtual summit on December 9-10.
- China was not invited by the US President at the Virtual Summit for Democracy while Taiwan was invited at the Democratic Summit 2021.
Democracy Summit- Important Details
- About: The Summit for Democracy is an initiative the US President with an aim to “renew the spirit and shared purpose” of the nations of the Free World.
- Global Summit for Democracy is to be an annual summit. Summit for Democracy 2022 is expected to be an in-person meeting.
- Key Objective: Global Summit for Democracy aims to bring together the world’s democracies-
- To strengthen their democratic institutions,
- Honestly confront the challenge of nations that are backsliding, and
- Forge a common agenda to address threats to our common values.
- Key Themes of Democratic Summit: Global Summit for Democracy will be held around three themes:
- Defending against authoritarianism,
- Fighting corruption,
- Promoting respect for human rights.
- Participation: This virtual Democratic Summit envisages the participation of leaders from government, civil society, and the private sector.
- The invitees from the Asia-Pacific region to the Democratic Summit 2021 included India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Pakistan, Maldives, and the Philippines.
- Countries like China and Bangladesh were not invited to the first Summit for Democracies.