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Global Methane Pledge

Global Methane Pledge- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations– Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.
  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

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Global Methane Pledge- Context

  • Recently at the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF), the US President announced the Global Methane Pledge.
  • MEF was hosted virtually by the US White House and saw participation from many countries including India as well as UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

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Global Methane Pledge– Key Points

  • About: Global Methane Pledge is a U.S.–EU-led effort to cut methane emissions by a third based on 2020 levels, by 2030.
  • Global Methane Pledge is expected to be formalized at the COP26 climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland in November 2021.

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Global Methane Pledge– Expected Outcomes

  • Reduced Global Warming: Global Methane Pledge is expected to reduce global heating by 0.2 Degree Celsius by the 2040s, compared with likely temperature rises by then.
  • Promote Global Cooperation: Global Methane Pledge will nudge other countries to take similar pledges and cooperate on various global warming-related issues in a more cooperative and complimentary manner.
  • Other Benefits: Global Methane Pledge will also produce a very valuable side benefit, like improving public health and agricultural output.

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Methane- Key Points

  • About: Methane is a hydrocarbon and consists of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4). Methane is the second most abundant human-caused greenhouse gas (GHG).
  • Sources of Methane:
    • Natural Source: Approximately 40% of methane emitted is from natural sources and
    • Anthropogenic Sources: About 60% of Methane comes from human-influenced sources, including livestock farming, rice agriculture, biomass burning and so forth.
  • Global Warming Potential of Methane: Methane is a greenhouse gas and is 80-85 times more potent than carbon dioxide in terms of its global warming capacity.

 

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