Mahaparinirvana Diwas: Death Anniversary of BR Ambedkar_00.1
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Mahaparinirvana Diwas: Death Anniversary of BR Ambedkar

Mahaparinirvana Diwas- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Mahaparinirvana Diwas: Death Anniversary of BR Ambedkar_50.1

 

Mahaparinirvana Diwas- Context

  • Recently, ‘Mahaparinirvana Diwas’ was observed nationwide on the 66th death Anniversary of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar (BR Ambedkar).

The Editorial Analysis- The Need to Reopen Anganwadis

 

Mahaparinirvana Diwas

  • About: Mahaparinirvan Diwas on December 6, 2021, as part of the major commemoration of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
  • Key Activities
    • Ambedkar Foundation displayed a documentary film highlighting the importance of Panchtirthas, associated with Baba Saheb.
    • A special book named “Social Justice and Empowerment: Reflections from Dr. Ambedkar Chairs” was launched by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.
    • A brochure was released on Ambedkar’s Panchteerthas and schemes and scholarships for Scheduled Caste students by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • ‘Shreshtha Yojna’ and National Fellowship Management and Grievance redressal portal was also launched.
    • Shreshtha Yojna: It will aid socio-economic upliftment and overall development of the Scheduled Castes students by providing quality residential education in reputed private schools.
    • National Fellowship Management and Grievance redressal Portal: It was launched with a view to enabling an area-based development approach. The initiative aims at integrated development of Scheduled Castes majority villages.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy- Indian Social Reformer

 

Mahaparinirvana Diwas- Key Points about Dr. BR Ambedkar

  • About: BR Ambedkar was an Indian philosopher, political leader, writer, economist, socio-religious reformer and best known as one of the main architects of the Indian Constitution.
    • He is popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar.
    • BR Ambedkar faced many injustices and discrimination in society as he was born in a caste that was considered untouchable in contemporary society.
    • His work was centered around eliminating the caste-based discriminations in society and motivated the Dalits to organize and demand their rights.
  • Birth and Death: Babasaheb Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh in Hindu Mahar Caste.
    • Babasaheb Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956 in Delhi, India.
  • BR Ambedkar Education: He was an economist and had doctoral degrees in economics from Columbia University and the London School of Economics.
  • Important works of BR Ambedkar: Mook Nayak (weekly) 1920; Janta (weekly) 1930; The Annihilation of Caste 1936; Pakistan or the Partition of India; ‘Buddha and His Dharma’; The Untouchables 1948; Buddha or Karl Marx 1956, etc.
  • Other Key Facts:
    • ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association)’ was launched by BR Ambedkar in 1923 for spreading education and culture amongst the downtrodden.
    • Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences (1930-32) in London representing the interests of the Untouchables of the Indian Society.
    • Ambedkar became the first Law Minister in 1947 under the Congress-led government.
    • BR Ambedkar was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1952 and remained a member till his death.
    • BR Ambedkar was bestowed with Bharat Ratna in 1990.

 

Jayaprakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan

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