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World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day | Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day | Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)_40.1

 

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day- Context

  • Recently, the World observed the 3rd World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) Day on 30th January 2022.
  • India also joined the global movement to illuminate 100 landmarks across the globe to raise awareness on Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs).
    • India joined close to 40 other nations to illuminate the iconic New Delhi Railway Station in purple and orange hues.

Priority Sector Lending: Meaning, history, targets, revision

 

 

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day- Key Points

  • About: World Health Assembly declared 30th January as ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day in 2021.
    • The United Arab Emirates (UAE) led the proposal to declare 30th January as the World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day in the 74th World Health Assembly.
    • The first World NTD Day was celebrated informally in 2020.
  • Objectives: World NTD Day aims to mobilize political will and secure commitments to eliminate NTDs in support of the WHO’s NTD Roadmap 2021-2030, including the elimination of at least 1 NTD from 100 countries by 2030.
    • World NTD Day serves as a catalyst to translate awareness into action, secure increased resources for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).
    • World NTD Day crucially facilitates political leadership and ownership of NTD programs from affected countries.
  • Organization in India: in India, National Centre for Vector-Borne Diseases Control (NCVBDC) is responsible for organizing and observing the World NTD Day.

 

Neglected Tropical Diseases- Key Points

  • About: Neglected tropical diseases(NTDs) are widespread in the world’s poorest regions, where water safety, sanitation and access to health care are substandard.
  • Transmission and Spread of the Disease: NTDs affect over 1.7 billion people globally and are caused mostly by a variety of pathogens including viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and toxins.
  • Reasons for Negligence: Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are “neglected” because they are almost absent from the global health agenda, enjoy little funding, and are associated with stigma and social exclusion.
    • They are diseases of neglected populations that perpetuate a cycle of poor educational outcomes and limited professional opportunities.

 

Rare diseases and List of common rare diseases recorded in India

Rare diseases and List of common rare diseases recorded in India

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