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Total High Courts in India: High Courts are the highest Judicial Body in a State. Total High Courts in India list will help aspirants in various exams like UPSC, State PCS, SSC and Bank Exams. Total High Courts List will also quench the thrust of information enthusiasts as well.
Total High Courts in India Overview
In India, Indian Constitution provides that the High Courts in States are the highest court of the State and all other courts of the State work under it. There are total 25 High Courts in India across all the states and Union Territories (UTs).
The Indian High Courts Act 1861 proposed the formation of High Courts in the three Presidency cities of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay in place of the Supreme Court. The oldest High Court in India is the Calcutta High Court which was established in May 1862 by the British India Government. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year (June 1862).
The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019. In every High Court, there is a Chief Justice and many other judges whose number is defined by the President of India.
Total High Courts in India List, Names, Year of Foundation, & Territorial Jurisdiction
Total High Courts in India List given below provides various key information about high courts in states like Year of formation, High Courts Name, High Court’s Territorial Jurisdiction and High Court’s seat and Associated Bench/benches.
|Total High Courts in India List and Their Jurisdiction
|High Court Name
|High Court Territorial Jurisdiction
|Seat & Bench of
|Bombay High Court
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu
Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur
|Kolkata High Court
Andaman & Nicobar islands
Bench: Port Blair
|Madras High Court
|Allahabad High Court
|Karnataka High Court
Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga
|Patna High Court
|Guwahati High Court
Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar
|Odisha High Court
|Rajasthan High Court
|Madhya Pradesh High Court
Bench: Gwalior and Indore
|Kerala High Court
|Kerala & Lakshadweep
|Gujarat High Court
|Delhi High Court
|Himachal Pradesh High Court
|Punjab & Haryana High Court
|Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh
|Sikkim High Court
|Chattisgarh High Court
|Uttarakhand High Court
|Jharkhand High Court
|Tripura High Court
|Manipur High Court
|Meghalaya High Court
|Telangana High Court
|Andhra Pradesh High Court
|Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh High Court
(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)
|Jammu and Kashmir
High Courts in India Constitutional Provisions
Though high courts in India are functioning since 1862 after India’s Independence, the Indian Constitution has provided a detailed framework and guidelines based on which various aspects of High Courts are managed/administered. A few important constitutional articles are mentioned below-
Article 214: According to Article 214, each state of India shall have a High Court.
Article 231: It also mentions that there can be a common High Court for two or more States or for two or more states and a union territory.
Article 221: A judge of the High Court is entitled, under Article 221, to the pension and leave-of-absence benefits that Parliament may occasionally decide upon. After a Judge is appointed, nevertheless, this cannot be altered to his detriment.
How many High Courts are there in India?
There are a total of 25 High Courts in India across all the states and Union Territories (UTs). After India’s independence, the constitution provided that each Indian state must have its own High Court in accordance with Article 214 of the Indian Constitution. Two or more High Courts can also have a common high court as per Article 231 of the Indian Constitution.
Following the above guidelines and principles, India has over a period of time established a total of 25 High Courts for all the states and Union territories. After India gained its independence, the entire legal system changed, and rules issued by the British were different from those found in the Indian Penal Code.
Which is the Newest High Court of India?
Andhra Pradesh High Courts were established in 2019 by Presidential order, under the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014.
In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories- J& K and Ladakh, there is now a common high court. So the Jammu and Kashmir High Court is not the Newest as it was already there since 1928.
List of High Courts having Jurisdiction over more than one State/s or Union Territory/es
Following are the name of High Courts which have jurisdiction over more than one state/s or Union Territory/s-
- Bombay High Court- It has jurisdiction over Maharashtra, Dadar and Nagar Haveli, Daman, Diu, and Goa.
- Kolkata High Court- It has jurisdiction over West Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
- Madras High Court- It has jurisdiction over Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
- Guwahati High Court– has jurisdiction over Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Kerala High Court- It has jurisdiction over Kerala and Lakshadweep Islands.
- Punjab & Haryana High Court- It has jurisdiction over Punjab, Haryana, and Chandigarh.
High Courts in India having Jurisdiction in more than two states
Following High Courts of India have jurisdiction in more than two states-
- The High Courts of Mumbai and Guwahati have jurisdictions over more than two states.
- The Guwahati High Court extends its jurisdiction to the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram.
- The Mumbai High Court extends its jurisdiction to Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman, and Diu.
Total High Courts in India FAQs
1. How many High Courts are there in India?
Ans. There are 25 High Courts in India at present. These 25 High courts along, with the Supreme Court of India, form India’s Judicial System.
2. Which of the states in India share a common High Court?
Ans. The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common High Court in Chandigarh.
The North-Eastern states (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh) share the same High Court in Guwahati.
3. Which is India’s first Justice City?
Ans. Andhra Pradesh is building a world-class, India’s first Justice city within its capital Amaravathi.
4. Which is the oldest High Court in India?
Ans. Calcutta High Court is the oldest in the country and was established in 1862.
5. Which High Court has a maximum number of judges?
Ans. Allahabad High Court has the largest number of judges which counts to 160 judges.
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