The World University Rankings_00.1
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The World University Rankings

 

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Context

  • Recently, The Times Higher Education (THE) released the World University Rankings 2022.

 

About the ranking

  • The ranking includes 1,600 universities across 99 countries and territories.
  • It is based on 13 indicators that measure four broad areas: Teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.

 

National Education Policy

 

Key points

  • The University of Oxford, United Kingdom continues to be the top-ranked university in the world for the sixth consecutive year.
  • The top 20 ranks were dominated by the United States universities.
  • The top 200 ranks were dominated by 4 countries—United States, United Kingdom, Germany and Australia.
  • Rise of Chinese university: A decade ago, there were 3 universities in the ranking while today the country has 10 universities in top 200.

 

The World University Rankings_50.1

 

Top 10 universities in the world

 

Rank University Country
1 University of Oxford United Kingdom (UK)
2 California Institute of Technology United States of America (USA)
3 Harvard University United States of America (USA)
4 Stanford University United States of America (USA)
5 University of Cambridge United Kingdom (UK)
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America (USA)
7 Princeton University United States of America (USA)
8 University of California, Berkeley United States of America (USA)
9 Yale University United States of America (USA)
10 The University of Chicago United States of America (USA)

 

 

The World University Rankings 2021 India

  • No Indian university is in the top 200, IISc Bengaluru continues to be the highest-ranked Indian institution in the top 350.
  • A record 71 institutes have qualified for this year’s rankings

 

Boycott of THE ranking by the Indian universities

  • IITs in Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee and Kharagpur have not participated in the THE global rankings.
  • The institutes announced their boycott in April 2020, citing concerns over transparency after none of them found a place among the world’s best 300 universities.

 

Improvement In Education: UDISE+ Report

 

Reasons for the boycott

  • IITs objected to the THE for allowing participating institutions to use collaborative research projects to increase their score on the citation metric.
    • Such research papers have high citation by virtue of multiple authors associated with it.
    • Hence, an institution that is part of such a project ends up having a disproportionate advantage over others because of one paper that is cited multiple times globally

 

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