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The Editorial Analysis: Setting sail for a powerful India-German partnership


India Germany partnership: Relevance

  • GS 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.


India Germany relation: Context

  • Recently, a German Navy frigate called Bayern, landed in India. It marks a significant achievement in the history of India-Germany relations.


India-German partnership: Key points

  • Indo-pacific region has become a hotbed for the various countries, recent times.
  • Germany too wants to play an active role in the region when it unveiled Indo-Pacific Policy Guidelines, and it visualises India as a key player, strategic partner and long-standing democratic friend at the hub.
  • Other than Germany’s own Indo-pacific policy, European Unio too has its Indo-Pacific Strategy that was published last year.
  • Converging point: Both India and Germany are of the view that trade routes stay open, freedom of navigation is upheld and that disputes are resolved peacefully on the basis of international law.
  • India is a maritime powerhouse and a strong advocate for free and inclusive trade — and, therefore, a primary partner on that mission.


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About Indo-pacific region

  • The Indo-Pacific region is home to around 65% of the global population and 20 of the world’s 33 megacities.
  • The region accounts for 62% of global GDP and 46% of the world’s merchandise trade.
  • However, the region is also the source of more than half of all global carbon emissions.
    • This makes the region’s countries key partners in tackling global challenges such as climate change and sustainable energy production and consumption.
  • More than 20% of German trade is conducted in the Indo-Pacific neighbourhood, and it is why Germany and India need to have a common vision to maintain and support stability, prosperity and freedom in this part of the world.


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German projects in India

  • Germany invests around €1.3 billion a year in development projects, 90% of which serves the purpose of fighting climate change, saving natural resources as well as promoting clean and green energy.
  • Germany have been supporting the construction of a huge solar plant in Maharashtra’s Dhule (Sakri). With a capacity of 125 Megawatt, it serves 2,20,000 households and generates annual CO2 savings of 155,000 tons.


India Germany relation: Way forward

  • Both leaders have agreed to step up their cooperation to tackle common challenges, with climate change on top of the agenda.
  • While Germany will host the G7 meeting in 2022, India will host the G20 meeting in the same year. Both countries have an opportunity for joint and coordinated action.


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