Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Background, Member states and India's Association_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Background, Member states and India's Association_50.1

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Context

  • The 19th meeting of Prosecutors General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Member States is be hosted by the Solicitor General of India on 29th October, 2021.

India’s Trade with China in 2021 is set to cross the $100-billion mark

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Agenda of the SCO Meeting

Member States will deliberate on-

  • Strengthening cooperation in preventing and combating the growing threat of trafficking in persons especially women and children;
  • Exchange of information and best practices in the field of laws;
  • Cooperation amongst the educational training institutions and anti-trafficking bodies of the SCO Member States.

S-400 Triumf Missile System

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Key Points

  • About SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization created through SCO Charter in 2002 and entered into force in 2003.
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
    • Type: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic and military organization.
    • SCO Secretariat: Shanghai, China.
    • Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS): Tashkent
  • Mandate: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) aims to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Background, Member states and India's Association_50.1

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- India’s association with SCO

  • Observer state: India was made observer state in 2005 and was generally participated in the Inter-ministerial meetings of the SCO grouping.
  • Member state: India along with Pakistan was upgraded to the member state of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in 2017.

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Member States

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) comprises nine member states (recently, Iran has been accepted as the ninth full member) namely-

  1. The Republic of India,
  2. The Republic of Kazakhstan,
  3. The People’s Republic of China,
  4. The Kyrgyz Republic,
  5. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan,
  6. The Russian Federation,
  7. The Republic of Tajikistan, and
  8. The Republic of Uzbekistan
  9. Iran

India Needs a Caste Count- Social Integration for Creating Casteless Society

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Observer States

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) counts four observer states, namely-

  1. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,
  2. The Republic of Belarus,
  3. The Islamic Republic of Iran and
  4. Mongolia

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Background, Member states and India's Association_50.1

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Dialogue Partners

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) has six dialogue partners, namely-

  1. The Republic of Azerbaijan,
  2. The Republic of Armenia,
  3. The Kingdom of Cambodia,
  4. The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,
  5. The Republic of Turkey, and
  6. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

 

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)- Key Goals

  • Strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states;
  • Promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas;
  • Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region; and
  • Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

 

 

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