Mekedatu River Project Dispute_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   Mekedatu River Project Dispute

Mekedatu River Project Dispute

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context

  • Tamil Nadu has been protesting against Karnataka’s move to build a reservoir on the Kaveri River at Mekedatu.
  • Karnataka Government, however, asserted that there would not be any compromise on the Mekedatu project and the state has already sent Detailed Project Report (DPR) regarding the same to the Union Jal Ministry and expects the project to be approved soon.

 

About the Project

  • Mekedatu is a deep gorge situated at the confluence of the rivers Cauvery and Arkavathi, about 100 km from Bengaluru, in Karnataka’s Ramanagara district.
  • In 2013, then Karnataka Government announced the construction of a multi-purpose balancing reservoir project over the Mekedatu.
  • The objective was to alleviate the drinking water problems of Bengaluru and Ramanagara district.
  • It is also expected to generate hydro-electricity to meet the power needs of the state.

 

Mekedatu River Project Dispute_50.1Get free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

Why is Tamil Nadu protesting?

  • Tamil Nadu asserts that
    • the project is in violation of the final award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal.
    • the project will affect the natural flow of the river Cauvery considerably and will severely affect the irrigation in Tamil Nadu.
    • The project is against the principles of federalism as no upper riparian state (in this case Karnataka) can unilaterally interfere with the natural flow of an inter-state river without the consent and concurrence of the lower riparian state (in this case Tamil Nadu).

 

Award by the tribunal and the Supreme Court

  • The tribunal, set up in 1990, gave its final award in 2007.
  • It granted
    • 419 tmc ft (thousand million cubic feet) of water to Tamil Nadu
    • 270 tmc ft to Karnataka
    • 30 tmc ft to Kerala
    • 7 tmc ft to Puducherry.
  • The tribunal ordered that during rain deficient years, the allocation for all the states would stand reduced.
  • However, both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka expressed unwillingness to accept the award and there were protests and violence in both states over water-sharing.
  • Supreme Court then took up the matter and, in a 2018 judgment, it apportioned 14.75 tmc ft from Tamil Nadu’s earlier share to Karnataka.

 

Krishna River Water Dispute

 

Way forward

  • The Union Government stated that the project required the approval of the Cauvery Water Management Authority’s (CWMA). This provision was reasserted by the Supreme Court when it stated that acceptance of CWMA would be a prerequisite for consideration of the DPR by the Jal Shakti Ministry.
  • The DPR sent by Karnataka was tabled in the CWMA several times, but could not be approved due to a lack of consensus among the states.
  • Also, since the project was proposed across an inter-state river, it required approval of lower riparian state(s) as per the Interstate Water Dispute Act.

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?