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Living Lands Charter


Living Lands Charter UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.


Living Lands Charter: Context

  • Recently, all 54 Commonwealth members have agreed to voluntarily dedicate a ‘living land’ in their respective countries to future generations.


Living Lands Charter: Key points

  • The charter is in line with the strategy set for the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
  • The charter was adopted at the 2022 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Kigali, Kenya.
  • The member nations have emphasised on the “critical guardianship” provided by indigenous peoples and local communities in protecting land and vital ecosystem services.
  • They have also recognised the land and resource rights of these communities, in accordance with national law and international instruments.
  • The member nations called on developed countries to fully deliver on the $100 billion goal urgently and through to 2025 and emphasised the importance of transparency in the implementation of their pledges.


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What is Living Lands charter

  • The ‘Living Lands Charter’ is a non-binding document that mandates the member countries to safeguard global land resources and arrest land degradation while acting against climate change, biodiversity loss and towards sustainable management.
  • The Living Lands Charter helps to hold the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • The document came after nearly two years of consultation, engagement and negotiation with member countries.
  • The charter aimed to support member countries to effectively deliver their commitments under the three Rio conventions — UN Convention on Biological Diversity, UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.


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Living Lands Charter: Why needed?

  • More than a third of land having been degraded in the last two decades.
  • The vulnerabilities of the ecosystems to land degradation, biodiversity loss and climate change are closely interrelated and need to be considered collectively.


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