International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)_00.1
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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Science and Technology- Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)_50.1

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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)- Context

  • Recently, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) was awarded the Africa Food Prize 2021 for improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • US $1,00,000 prize was given to ICRISAT under the Africa Food Prize 2021.
  • ICRISAT got the award for the Tropical Legumes Project that has improved food security across 13 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Tropical Legume Project of ICRISAT- Key Points

  • Tropical Legume Project was taken by ICRISAT led a collaboration of partners between 2007 and 2019 in Africa for improving the food security among the deprived section of the population.
  • As a part of the Tropical Legumes Project, in India, the national program on developing improved varieties of chickpea resulted in area enhancement up to 68%.
  • The project developed 266 improved legume varieties and almost half a million tons of seed for a range of legume crops, like cowpeas, pigeon peas, chickpea, groundnut, soybean, etc.
  • Importance: These improved varieties of legumes have helped smallholder farmers in both Africa and Asia become more resilient to climate change, as well as pest and disease outbreaks.
    • Many scientists trained under the project are already working in national research institutes across the African continent.

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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)- Key Points

  • Background: It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organizations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller Foundations.
    • Its charter was signed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • About: ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
    • Headquarter: Hyderabad, Telangana in India.
  • Key role: ICRISAT and its partners help empower these poor people to overcome poverty, hunger, and a degraded environment through better agriculture.
  • Key Mission: ICRISAT envisions a prosperous, food-secure and resilient dryland tropics. To achieve this, its mission is to reduce poverty, hunger, malnutrition and environmental degradation in the dryland tropics.
  • Research Activity: ICRISAT conducts research on five highly nutritious drought-tolerant crops: chickpea, pigeonpea, pearl millet, sorghum, and groundnut.
    • It conducts partnership-based international agricultural research for development that embodies Science with a Human Face.
  • India and ICRISAT: Since its inception, India has granted special status to ICRISAT as a UN Organization operating in the Indian Territory.
    • This makes ICRISAT eligible for special immunities and tax privileges.

 

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