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Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0


Intensified Mission Indradhanush 4.0: Relevance

  • GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Intensified Mission Indradhanush : Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has unveiled the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0 to achieve the goal of universal immunization.


Immunisation in India

  • India is implementing the largest immunisation programme globally where more than 3 crore pregnant women and 2.6 crore children are covered annually through the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).


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About IMI 4.0

  • Intensified Mission Indradhanush 4.0 will have three rounds and will be conducted in 416 districts (including 75 districts identified for Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav) across 33 States/UTs in the country.
  • These three rounds of IMI 4.0 have been planned to catch up on the gaps that might have emerged due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • These districts have been identified based on vaccination coverage as per the latest National Family Health Survey-5 report, Health Management Information System (HMIS) data and burden of vaccine preventable diseases.


IMI 4.0 Benefits

  • IMI 4.0 will immensely contribute in filling the gaps and make lasting gains towards Universal Immunization.
  • It will also ensure that Routine Immunization (RI) services reach the unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children and pregnant women.


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Intensified Mission Indradhanush : Way forward

  • There is a need of “Sabka Prayas and “Jan Lok Bhaagidaari” to achieve the goal of universal immunisation in the country.
  • Centre, the States and beneficiaries should work collectively to achieve the target of full immunization coverage in the country.
  • States should work holistically at different levels, coordinating with district administration, panchayats and the urban local bodies.


Mission Indradhanush achievements

  • Till date, ten phases of Mission Indradhanush have been completed covering 701 districts across the country.
  • As of April 2021, a total of 3.86 crore children and 96.8 lakh pregnant women have been vaccinated.
  • The first two phases of Mission Indradhanush resulted in 7% increase in full immunization coverage in a year.
  • A survey (IMI- CES) carried out in 190 districts covered in Intensified Mission Indradhanush (5th phase of Mission Indradhanush) shows 5% points increase in full immunization coverage as compared to NFHS-4.
  • The immunization coverage has shown a considerable improvement as per the latest reports of National Family Health Survey (2019-21) as compared to National Family Health Survey -4(2015-16).
  • The Full Immunization Coverage among children aged 12-23 months of age has increased from 62% (NFHS-4) to 76.4% (NFHS-5).
  • Mission Indradhansuh was identified as one of the flagship schemes under Gram Swaraj Abhiyan and Extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyan.


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