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India at COP 15 of UNCCD


UNCCD COP15 UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


UNCCD India UPSC: Context

यूएनसीसीडी के कॉप 15 में भारत

UNCCD COP 15: Key points on migration

  • Key drivers of migration: Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD), climate and environmental changes.
  • Promotion of sustainable agriculture and its associated value chains offer promising avenues to stop out-migration of rural population.
  • A stronger symbiotic urban-rural linkage targeting vulnerable groups that include women, rural youth, refugees, and internally displaced person be provided with on-farm and off-farm employment.
  • Watershed Development Component – Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (WDC-PMKSY) has generated more than 37.73 Million man-days of employment which also contributed to the reduction in migration in the treated areas, especially, during pandemic period.
    • It has further acted as an enabler of reverse migration, when labour force was reverted to their native places and engaged with the watershed workforce.


India at COP 15 of UNCCD_3.1


UNCCD 2022: Key points on gender

  • From the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78) onwards, there has been a marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development.
  • The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women.
  • The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of Panchayats and Municipalities for women, laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels.
  • The goal of National Policy for the Empowerment of Women, 2001 is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women.
  • Empowerment of women is an integral part of PMKSY in India.
  • Representation of women has been envisioned in the Watershed Committees involved in planning, implementation and maintenance of watershed interventions.
  • Women-based community organizations such as Self-Help Groups, User Groups and farmer producer organizations are formed and nurtured while implementing the watershed programs.


India at COP 15 of UNCCD_4.1


UNCCD India:  Key points on dust storms

  • Sand and dust storms (SDS) are of common occurrence in arid and semi-arid regions both in Asia and Africa and affects 11 of the 17 SDGs.
  • SDS adversely impact environment and quality of life.
  • Anthropogenic SDS source mitigation is lacking in most of the countries and there is a lack of required data and information to address SDS related issues.
  • Capacity building of parties to address SDS through SDS toolbox and decision support system was envisaged. The first SDS Toolbox will be made available by mid-2022.
  • India can designate appropriate remote sensing agency (such as SAC/ NRSC) to develop GIS layers at finer scale to integrate indicator layers to test its applicability on ground for further improvement.


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