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Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) | Part IVA | Indian Constitution

Fundamental Duties (Article 51A)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Indian Constitution- Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) | Part IVA | Indian Constitution_40.1


Fundamental Duties (Article 51A): Part IV-A

  • About: Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) are basically the moral obligations (not the legal) on the Indian Citizen to promote the spirit of patriotism and preserve India’s unity.
  • 42nd Amendment: Ten Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) were added to the constitution by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act,197.
    • Part IV-A: 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act,1976 created Part IV-A in the Constitution under which all the Fundamental Duties are listed.
    • 86th Amendment: The 11th Fundamental Duty was later added to the list by the 86th Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Swaran Singh Committee: Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) were added in the Constitution on the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee.
  • Source: Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) in the Indian Constitution derive their origin from the Constitution of the erstwhile USSR.

Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) | Part IVA | Indian Constitution_50.1


Fundamental Duties (Article 51A)- List of Fundamental Duties


Constitutional Article Provision
Art. 51 A (a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
Art. 51 A (b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
Art. 51 A (c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
Art. 51 A (d) To defend the country and render national services when called upon to do so.
Art. 51 A (e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
Art. 51 A (f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
Art. 51 A (g) To value, protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
Art. 51 A (h) To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of inquiry and reform.
Art. 51 A (i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
Art. 51 A (j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
Art. 51 A (k) Duty of the parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child, as the case may be, between the age of six and fourteen.

 List of Fundamental Rights


Fundamental Duties (Article 51A)- Key Features

  • Nature of Fundamental Duties: Fundamental Duties are basically moral and civic obligations on the Citizen and are legally non-binding.
    • For example: cherishing noble ideals of freedom struggle under Art. 51 A (b) is a moral precept while respecting the Constitution, National Flag and National Anthem under Art. 51 A (a) is a civic duty.
  • Scope of Fundamental Duties: The Fundamental Duties are applicable to citizens in India only and do not extend to foreigners.
  • Non-Justifiable in a Court of Law: The Constitution does not provide for direct enforcement of Fundamental Duties by the courts. Hence, Fundamental Duties are non-justiciable in a court of law.


List of Major Constitutional Amendment Acts- Part 1

List of Major Constitutional Amendment Acts- Part 2

List of Major Constitutional Amendment Acts- Part 3

Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs)

42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976

44th Constitutional Amendment Act

Type of Writs in Indian Constitution and their Scope- Article 32 and Article 226

List of Fundamental Rights

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