UPSC Exam   »   Draft India Data Accessibility and Use Policy 2022   »   Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy

Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy

 

National Data Governance Policy UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 3: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has a fresh draft data policy to improve governance through a whole-of government approach towards data-led governance.

 

Data policy India: Key points

  • The new draft, called ‘National Data Governance Framework Policy’, is a replacement of the now scrapped data accessibility policy.
  • The draft of data accessibility policy was released by the Ministry in February. It was axed as it faced severe criticism over its proposal to monetise government data.

 

Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy_40.1

 

Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy: Key guidelines

  • India Datasets programme: Under this initiative, private companies would be “encouraged” to share non-personal data with start-ups and Indian researchers.
  • No selling of data: In the older draft, there was a provision that data collected at the central level will be sold at open market. It faced widespread criticism with questions being raised about the government collecting data to monetise it in the absence of a data protection law in India. This provision has been omitted in the new draft.
  • India Data Management Office (IDMO): The draft calls for the creation of IDMO, which will be in-charge of designing and managing the India Datasets platform that will process requests and provide access to the non-personal datasets to Indian researchers and startups.
    • IDMO will prescribe rules and standards, including anonymisation standards for all entities (government and private) that deal with data that will cause every government department to identify and classify available datasets.
    • For purposes of safety and trust, any non-personal data sharing by any entity can be only via platforms designated and authorised by IDMO.

 

Draft National Data Governance Framework Policy_50.1

 

What is non-personal data?

  • Non-personal data is any set of data which does not contain personally identifiable information.
  • Non-personal data essentially do not involve any information of individual that can be used to identify him/her by looking at such data.
  • The push to harness non-personal data was first proposed by a government committee headed by Infosys co-founder Kris Gopalakrishnan, which was set up to unlock the economic value of such data and also address concerns arising out of it.

 

National Data Governance Framework Policy objectives

  • To accelerate Digital Governance.
  • To have standardized data management and security standards across whole of Government
  • To accelerate creation of common standard based public digital platforms while ensuring privacy, safety, and trust;
  • To have standard APls and other tech standards for Whole of Government Data management and access.
  • To promote transparency, accountability, and ownership in non-personal data and Dataset’s access.
  • For purposes of safety and trust, any non-personal data sharing by any entity can be only via platforms designated and authorised by IDMO.
  • To build a platform that will allow Dataset requests to be received and processed.
  • To build Digital Government goals and capacity, knowledge and competency in Government departments and entities.
  • To set quality standards and promote expansion of India Datasets program and overall non-personal Datasets Ecosystem.
  • To ensure greater citizen awareness, participation, and engagement.

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