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Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Jayanti

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Jayanti- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

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Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Jayanti in News

  • Recently, the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind has greeted fellow citizens on the eve of the birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

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BR Ambedkar- Key Points

  • About: BR Ambedkar was an Indian philosopher, political leader, writer, economist, socio-religious reformer and best known as one of the main architects of the Indian Constitution.
    • He is popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar.
    • BR Ambedkar faced many injustices and discrimination in society as he was born in a caste that was considered untouchable in contemporary society.
    • His work was centered around eliminating caste-based discrimination in society and motivated the Dalits to organize and demand their rights.
  • Birth and Death: Babasaheb Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh in Hindu Mahar Caste.
    • Babasaheb Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956 in Delhi, India.
  • BR Ambedkar Education: Ambedkar was an economist and had doctoral degrees in economics from Columbia University and the London School of Economics.
  • Important works of BR Ambedkar: Mook Nayak (weekly) 1920; Janta (weekly) 1930; The Annihilation of Caste 1936; Pakistan or the Partition of India; ‘Buddha and His Dharma’; The Untouchables 1948; Buddha or Karl Marx 1956, etc.


Key Contribution of BR Ambedkar

  • An economist and advocate of human rights and women empowerment, Dr. Ambedkar is considered as a leading nation builder of our country.
  • BR Ambedkar headed the Drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly of Independent India, responsible for framing the Constitution of India.
  • Ambedkar contributed to promoting harmony and tried to eradicate the evils of the caste system.
  • A true believer in the rule of law, Dr. Ambedkar constantly worked for the rights of poor and backward classes.


Did You Know- Key Facts About Dr. BR Ambedkar

  • ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association)’ was launched by BR Ambedkar in 1923 for spreading education and culture amongst the downtrodden.
  • Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences (1930-32) in London representing the interests of the Untouchables of the Indian Society.
  • Ambedkar became the first Law Minister in 1947 under the Congress-led government.
  • BR Ambedkar was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1952 and remained a member till his death.
  • In 1990, India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna was posthumously conferred on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Dr. BR Ambedkar: International Ambedkar Conclave

Dr. BR Ambedkar: International Ambedkar Conclave

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