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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC- 30 November 2022 | Prelims Bits

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC: Daily Current Affairs for UPSC article covers important articles of the day which is important for various competitive exams like UPSC, State PCS, SSC and various Bank Exams.


Government E-Marketplace (GeM) Platform

GeM Platform in News

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has applauded the vendors for displaying their products on GeM platform.
  • The GeM platform crosses Rs. 1 Lakh crore Gross Merchandise value till 29th November 2022 for the financial year 2022-2023.

What is Government e-Marketplace (GeM)?

  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM) is a dynamic, self-sustaining and user-friendly portal for making procurement by Government officers. It is an online platform for public procurement in India.
    • GeM Initiative was launched on August 9, 2016, by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, GoI.
  • Development of GeM Portal: Directorate General of Supplies and Disposal (DGS&D) with technical support of the National eGovernance Division (Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology) has developed a GeM portal for procurement of both Products & Services.
    • Government e-Market (GeM) is hosted by the Directorate General of Supplies and Disposal.

24th National Conference on e-Governance 2021: Hyderabad Declaration Adopted


What is the Objective of Government e-Market (GeM)?

  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM) aims to create an open and transparent procurement platform for government buyers.
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM) facilitates online procurement of common-use Goods and Services.


Recommendation on “Use of Street Furniture for small cell and aerial fibre deployment” released by TRAI

Use of Street Furniture for small cell and aerial fibre deployment in News

  • Recently, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) released its recommendations on “Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre deployment”.
  • As India plans to launch 5G, small cells can play a pivotal role in network upgradation and expansion.

Significance of Deploying small cell and aerial fibre

  • Use of higher frequency bands for 5G rollout will have shorter coverage as signals in these bands cannot travel through buildings or obstacles.
  • Therefore, the macro cells will be required to be complemented with extensive deployment of small cells so as to support all kinds of uses and applications, at all locations.
  • Small cells will also be used for traffic offloading since the carrying capacity of lower frequencies, used by macro radio sites, are limited.
  • Use of already available street furniture like poles etc. for mounting 5G Small Cells can obviate the need for erecting thousands of new towers resulting in economical and fast deployment of small cells.
  • The Small cells will require backhaul connectivity which again can be provided very fast through aerial fibre deployment using street furniture.

Associated Challenges

  • The deployment of small cells and aerial fiber on street furniture can face many issues like identifying the suitable street furniture based on availability of backhaul, power, capabilities of street furniture for mounting suitable equipment, scalability, and concerns related to local approval, and safety.
  • The right of way procedure, sharing of the street furniture amongst various users, permissions needed for power supply under state electricity laws, exemptions or bulk permissions for small cell deployment will also be required to be addressed.


The TRAI recommendations on “Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre deployment” aims to address above challenges faced in proper utilization of small cell and aerial fibre.


‘Samanvay 2022’ Exercise

‘Samanvay 2022’ Exercise in News

  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh at HADR exercise ‘Samanvay 2022’ stated that India has emerged as a regional power and net security provider in the Indo-Pacific as its capacity to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to its citizens as well as regional partners has grown in recent years.
  • He asserted that under SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region), India is cooperating with multiple partners to ensure economic growth & security in the region while tackling threats such as natural disasters.

Samanvay 2022’ Exercise

  • About: HADR Exercise’ Samanvay 2022′ aims to assess the efficacy of institutional Disaster Management structures and contingency measures in India.
  • Key Activities: Exercise ‘Samanvay 2022’ will comprise-
    • A seminar on Disaster Management,
    • A ‘Multi Agency Exercise’ involving static and flying displays of various HADR assets and
    • A ‘Table Top Exercise’.
  • Participation: Along with involvement of various stakeholders from the country, the exercise will see participation by representatives from the ASEAN countries as well.

Exercise ‘Samanvay 2022’ Importance

  • Samanvay 2022 will promote a synergistic approach towards HADR by various national and regional stakeholders involved in Disaster Management including-
    • The Civil Administration,
    • The Armed Forces,
    • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA),
    • National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM),
    • National Disaster Response Force (NDRF),
    • Defence Research and development Organization (DRDO),
    • Border Road Organization (BRO),
    • India Meteorological Department (IMD),
    • National Remote Sensing (NRS) Centre and
    • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)
  • Samanvay 2022 multi-agency engagement is expected to contribute in the evolution of institutional frameworks for effective communication, interoperability, cooperation and their application for successful conduct of HADR.
  • The Samanvay exercise also aims to provide a unique platform for exchange of domain knowledge, experience and best practices with the participating ASEAN member countries.


International Jaguar Day 2022


International Jaguar Day 2022 in News

  • Recently, the National Zoological Park, New Delhi (Delhi Zoo) celebrated the International Jaguar Day 2022.

Celebrations in India on International Jaguar Day 2022

  • National Zoological Park organized activities like Zoo Walk and Expert talk on ‘Big Cats and Jaguars’.
  • Students from Little Star Public School participated in these events.
  • Participation certificates, literature on wildlife conservation and souvenirs were given to the students to encourage them and arouse their curiosity in understanding the importance of nature and wildlife conservation.

International Jaguar Day 2022

  • International Jaguar Day was created to raise awareness about the increasing threats facing the jaguar and the critical conservation efforts ensuring its survival.
  • Observed annually on November 29, International Jaguar Day celebrates the Americas’ largest wild cat as an umbrella species for biodiversity conservation.
  • Jaguar is an icon for sustainable development and the centuries-old cultural heritage of Central and South America. This is the third largest Cat Predator of the World and an important species of Amazon Rainforest.
  • International Jaguar Day also represent the collective voice of jaguar range countries, in collaboration with national and international partners.
    • This helps to draw attention to the need to conserve jaguar corridors and their habitats as part of broader efforts to achieve the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.

About Jaguars

  • Jaguars (Panthera onca) are often mistaken for leopards, but can be differentiated due to the spots within the rosettes on their coats.
  • While many cats avoid water, jaguars are great swimmers, and have even been known to swim the Panama Canal.

Daily Current Affairs: 29th November 2022 | UPSC Prelims Bits

Daily Current Affairs: 29th November 2022 | UPSC Prelims Bits

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