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Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- India and its neighbourhood- relations.

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Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) in news

  • Recently, the fifth National Security Advisor (NSA)s’ meet of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) was organized in the Maldives.

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Key Facts about Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

  • About: Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) was formed in 2011 as a trilateral maritime security grouping of India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
    • Mauritius was welcomed as the fourth member at the fifth NSA’s meet of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC).
  • Colombo Security Conclave Member Countries: Presently, it consists of four countries- India, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Mauritius.
    • Observers Countries: Bangladesh and Seychelles participated as observer countries in the Colombo Security Conclave.
  • Mandate: Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) aims to increase the security cooperation, covering maritime safety and security, human trafficking, counter-terrorism and cyber security.
  • Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) Secretariat: A permanent CSC Secretariat is established in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
    • CSC Secretariat is responsible for coordinating all the activities of the CSC along with the implementation of the decisions taken at the NSA level.

Integrity Pact in India: CVC revises SOP for its implementation

कोलंबो सुरक्षा सम्मेलन (सीएससी)

Fifth Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

  • Inclusion of Fourth Member: Mauritius was included as the fourth member of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC).
  • Invitation to other Countries: Bangladesh and Seychelles attended the fifth NSA’s meet of CSC as observers, and have been invited to join the group.
  • Indian Proposals: Indian National Security Adviser called for-
    • The institutionalization of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)
    • The heads of the Coast Guards of the four-member countries meet to discuss ways to address shared maritime security challenges, and
    • The formation of joint working groups to tackle drug trafficking and transnational organised crimes.
  • Identification of Five Broad Areas for Cooperation: The fifth Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) identified five broad areas of cooperation to strengthen regional safety and security. These are-
    • Maritime Safety and Security
    • Countering Terrorism and Radicalization
    • Combating Trafficking and Transnational Organized Crime
    • Cyber Security, Protection of Critical Infrastructure, and Technology
    • Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

Sri Lanka Economic Emergency


Significance of Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

  • Promoting Regional Cooperation: The Delhi-driven “minilateral” is being seen as India’s outreach to the Indian Ocean to underline regional cooperation and shared security objectives.
  • Countering Chinese Influence: The CSC hopes to-
    • Restrict China’s influence in an area of strategic importance, and
    • Reduce the Chinese footprint in the member countries, including the new and proposed additions.
  • Avoid Conflict: Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) will provide a cooperation platform to avoid conflict and ensure security and stability both inside and outside our borders.
  • Crisis Management: Geographical proximity of CSC countries allows them to be first responders to each other in crisis situations.
    • For example, the MT New Diamond and X-press Pearl ship fires in Sri Lankan waters that the Indian Coast Guard helped douse.


Exercise SLINEX

Exercise SLINEX

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