Ahom Revolt (1828)- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 1: Modern Indian History- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Ahom Revolt (1828)
- Ahom’s Revolt of 1828 was the consequence of the First Anglo Burmese War (124-26). Ahom Vidroh took place in the Assam Region of the British Empire.
Causes of Ahom Revolt (1828)
- First Anglo-Burma war (1824-26): Britishers promised to leave the Ahom territories after the end of the first Anglo-Burma war.
- Instead, they tried annexing the Ahom territories under British Empire, angering the Ahom tribe against British empire and leading to Ahom Revolt of 1828.
- Ahom revolt was organized by the Ahom prince Gomdhar Konwar with the support of his countrymen like Dhanjay Borgohain and Jairam Khargharia Phukan.
Leaders of Ahom Revolt (1828)
- Ahom revolt took place under the leadership of Ahom prince Gomdhar Konwar who tried to establish the ancient Ahom monarchy and evict the British.
- Other important leaders of the Ahom Revolt include- Dhanjay Borgohain and Jairam Khargharia Phukan.
About Ahom Revolt (1828)
- Installation of a New King: A meeting was organized at a place named Jorhat where the rebels formally installed Gomdhar Konwar as king of Ahom Dynasty in 1828.
- Preparation for the Ahom Revolt: Gomdhar Konwar planned to seize the British stronghold at Rangpur. For which he needed soldiers.
- For this reason, Gomdhar Konwar began recruiting soldiers and amassing weapons and also instructed his forces to stop paying British taxes.
- Day of Revolt: Ahom rebels under the leadership of Gomdhar Konwar began advancing towards Rangpur in November 1828 to attack and seize the British Stronghold in Rangpur.
- Failure of Ahom Revolt: The British learned about the plans of the Ahom rebels and caught and attacked them off guard at Mariani.
- Many of the insurgents of the Ahom Revolt surrendered, while others escaped.
Outcome of Ahom Revolt (1828)
- Fate of Gomdhar Konwar: After the failure of Ahom Revolt, Gomdhar and his friends took refuge in Naga Hills. Later, he surrendered and others were detained.
- They were all tried by Britishers who convicted them of treason and condemned them to death.
- However, as a conciliatory gesture, the British East India Company reduced his sentence to seven years in exile.
- Conciliatory Approach: Later, the British EIC opted to pursue a conciliatory approach. It gave up Upper Assam to Maharaja Purandar Singh Narendra. Hence, restoring a portion of the Ahom kingdom to the Assamese ruler.