UPSC Prelims Bits Today (16-09-2022)

UPSC Prelims Bits Today” is every day published in the morning between 11:00 AM to 12:00 Noon and contains selective current affairs articles. ”UPSC Prelims Bits Today” covers various topics from UPSC Prelims Syllabus and is very helpful and time managing for UPSC Aspirants. The framing of this daily current affairs compilation article is easy to read and understandable also.

In the ”UPSC Prelims Bits Todayarticle, we focus on UPSC Preliminary exam-oriented current affairs covering various sections from leading National Newspapers, PIB, and other various official sources.


Tripartite Peace Agreement


Why in news?

A tripartite peace agreement was signed between the Centre, Assam Government and eight tribal groups of Assam to end the decade-old crisis of tribals and tea garden workers.

Which tribal groups signed the agreement?

  • The eight groups that signed the peace pact include five Adivasi militant groups and 3 splinter groups, their cadres had surrendered arms in 2012 and are living in designated camps
  • The tribal groups which signed the agreement include Birsa Commando Force, Adivasi People’s Army, All Adivasi National Liberation Army, Adivasi Cobra Military of Assam and Santhal Tiger Force.
  • The Centre is committed to resolve all border disputes between the North Eastern States and all disputes related to armed groups by 2024.

What is in the Agreement?

  • With this agreement, 1182 armed cadres have agreed to abjure violence and join the peaceful democratic process.
  • The agreement also provides for rehabilitation and re-settlement of armed cadres and measures for the welfare of the tea garden workers.
  • A Special development package of Rs.1000 crore, Rs.500 crore each by Govt. of India and Govt. of Assam, will be provided over a period of five years for the development of infrastructure in Adivasi inhabited villages/areas.
  • The agreement also provides for the setting up of an Adivasi Welfare and Development Council by the Government of Assam with the objective of fulfilling the political, economic and educational aspirations; protecting, preserving and promoting social, cultural, linguistic and ethnic identities.


22nd SCO Summit at Samarkand


Why in news?

PM Narendra Modi along with leaders of SCO nations participates in 22nd SCO Summit at Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

Who is attending the meet?

Besides leaders of SCO member states, observer states, the Secretary General of the SCO, Executive Director of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), President of Turkmenistan and other invited guests are attending the meet.

What shall be discussed?

  • The leaders are expected to review the grouping’s activities over the past two decades and discuss the prospects of multilateral cooperation.
  • They will discuss topical, regional and international issues, including regional peace and security, trade and connectivity, culture and tourism.

What is SCO?

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation focuses on cooperation with international and regional organisations.
  • The SCO currently comprises 8 members, including China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Meanwhile, the four observer states interested in acceding to full membership of the SCO include Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia.


 Project Cheetah


Why in news?

PM Modi to release wild Cheetahs in Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh tomorrow under Project Cheetah.

About  Project Cheetah

The introduction of Cheetah in India is being done under Project Cheetah, which is world’s first inter-continental large wild carnivore translocation project.

About Kuno National Park

Kuno National Park is a 748-square-km protected area, about 200 miles south of Delhi. A 12-km long fence has been erected to keep predators away from the park, which can house a maximum of 21 cheetahs.

Why do we need Cheetahs?

  • The introduction of wild Cheetahs is part of Mr. Modi’s efforts to revitalise and diversify India’s wildlife and its habitat.
  • The cheetah was declared extinct from India in 1952.
  • Cheetahs that will be introduced are from Namibia and have been brought under an MoU signed earlier this year. They will help in the restoration of open forest and grassland ecosystems in India.
  • This will help conserve biodiversity and enhance the ecosystem services like water security, carbon sequestration and soil moisture conservation.
  • Cheetahs are the fastest animal on the earth — which can clock a speed of 120-km per hour within seconds

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