UPSC Prelims Bits For Today July 22, 2022 | Important Current Affairs in Brief Form For UPSC Prelims


UPSC Prelims Bits For Today” is every day published in the morning between 11:00 AM to 12:00 Noon and contains selective current affairs articles. ”UPSC Prelims Bits For Today” covers various topics from UPSC Prelims Syllabus and is very helpful and time managing for UPSC Aspirants. The framing of this daily current affairs compilation article is easy to read and understandable also.

In the ”UPSC Prelims Bits For Todayarticle, we focus on UPSC Preliminary exam-oriented current affairs covering various sections from leading National Newspapers, PIB, and other various official sources.


Pegasus Spyware


What is Pegasus?

  • Pegasus aka Q Suite, marketed by the NSO Group aka Q Cyber Technologies as “a world-leading cyber intelligence solution that enables law enforcement and intelligence agencies to remotely and covertly extract” data “from virtually any mobile devices”, was developed by veterans of Israeli intelligence agencies.

What kind of devices are vulnerable?

  • All devices, practically. iPhones have been widely targeted with Pegasus through Apple’s default iMessage app and the Push Notification Service (APNs) protocol upon which it is based.
  • The spyware can impersonate an application downloaded to an iPhone and transmit itself as push notifications via Apple’s servers.



PJ Nayak Committee


  • The Committee to Review Governance of Boards of Banks in India was constituted by the RBI Governor on 20th January, 2014 under the chairmanship of PJ Nayak
  • The Committee submitted its report in May 2014 and in total held five meetings, commencing 18th February, 2014

Objectives Of the PJ Nayak Committee

1. To review the regulatory compliance requirements of banks’ boards in India, to judge what can be rationalised and where requirements need to be enhanced.
2. To examine the working of Banks Board Bureau and if time is devoted to issues of strategy, growth, governance and risk management.
3. To review central bank regulatory guidelines on bank ownership, ownership concentration and representation in the board.
4. To analyse the representation on bank boards to see whether the boards have the appropriate mix of capabilities and the necessary independence to govern the institution.
5. To examine board compensation guidelines.
6. Any other issue relevant to the functioning of the banks’ boards and the governance they exercise.


Kali Bein


What is the Kali Bein?

  • The 165-km rivulet starts from Hoshiarpur, runs across four districts and meets the confluence of the rivers Beas and Sutlej in Kapurthala.
  • The Kali Bein is of great significance to Sikh religion and history, because the first Guru, Nanak Dev, is said to have got enlightenment here. When Guru Nanak Dev was staying at Sultanpur Lodhi with his sister Bebe Nanki, he would bathe in the Kali Bein. He is said to have disappeared into the waters one day, before emerging on the third day. The first thing he recited was the “Mool Mantra” of the Sikh religion


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