Universal Postal Union (UPU)_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   Universal Postal Union (UPU)

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Relevance for UPSC

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Universal Postal Union (UPU)_50.1

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Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Context

  • Recently, India has been elected to the Council of Administration (CA) at 27th Universal Postal Union (UPU) Congress in Abidjan.
    • India with 134 votes got the highest votes in CA elections from South Asia and the Oceania region.
  • India was also elected with 106 votes out of 156 countries to the Postal Operations Council (POC) at the 27th UPU Congress in Abidjan.

Deepor Beel Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Key Points

  • About Universal Postal Union: it was established in 1874 as a result of the Treaty of Bern 1874.
    • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
    • Universal Postal Union Headquarters: Berne, Switzerland.
    • UPU is the second oldest international organization worldwide after International Telecommunication Union (ITU) which was established in 1865.
  • Mandate of Universal Postal Union: it is the primary forum for cooperation between postal sector players. It helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services.
  • Membership Criteria: Any non-member country of the United Nations may become a UPU member provided that its request is approved by at least two-thirds of the member countries of the UPU.
    • The UPU has presently 192 member countries.
    • India (British India) joined the UPU on July 1, 1876.
  • The UPU consists of four bodies-
    • The Congress,
    • The Council of Administration (CA),
    • The Postal Operations Council (POC) and
    • The International Bureau (IB)

Financial Stability and Development Council

 

Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Key functions

  • UPU was established as a body overlooking the regulation of postal exchange between countries. Its key functions are-
    • Fulfils an advisory, mediating, and liaison role, and provides technical assistance where needed.
    • Helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services.
    • Sets rules for international mail exchanges and makes recommendations for growth in mail, financial, and parcel services volumes and also to improve quality of service for customers.
    • Oversees the Telematics and Express Mail Service (EMS) cooperatives. Each member agrees to the same terms for conducting international postal duties.

 

United Nations Security Council: Composition, Functioning and Indian Engagement at UNSC

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