Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Relevance for UPSC
- GS Paper 2: International Relations- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Context
- Recently, India has been elected to the Council of Administration (CA) at 27th Universal Postal Union (UPU) Congress in Abidjan.
- India with 134 votes got the highest votes in CA elections from South Asia and the Oceania region.
- India was also elected with 106 votes out of 156 countries to the Postal Operations Council (POC) at the 27th UPU Congress in Abidjan.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Key Points
- About Universal Postal Union: it was established in 1874 as a result of the Treaty of Bern 1874.
- It is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
- Universal Postal Union Headquarters: Berne, Switzerland.
- UPU is the second oldest international organization worldwide after International Telecommunication Union (ITU) which was established in 1865.
- Mandate of Universal Postal Union: it is the primary forum for cooperation between postal sector players. It helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services.
- Membership Criteria: Any non-member country of the United Nations may become a UPU member provided that its request is approved by at least two-thirds of the member countries of the UPU.
- The UPU has presently 192 member countries.
- India (British India) joined the UPU on July 1, 1876.
- The UPU consists of four bodies-
- The Congress,
- The Council of Administration (CA),
- The Postal Operations Council (POC) and
- The International Bureau (IB)
Universal Postal Union (UPU)- Key functions
- UPU was established as a body overlooking the regulation of postal exchange between countries. Its key functions are-
- Fulfils an advisory, mediating, and liaison role, and provides technical assistance where needed.
- Helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services.
- Sets rules for international mail exchanges and makes recommendations for growth in mail, financial, and parcel services volumes and also to improve quality of service for customers.
- Oversees the Telematics and Express Mail Service (EMS) cooperatives. Each member agrees to the same terms for conducting international postal duties.