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The Editorial Analysis- ‘Bharat Natyam’ in Indian Diplomacy

‘Bharat Natyam’ in Indian Diplomacy- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.

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‘Bharat Natyam’ in Indian Diplomacy in news

  • Indian maneuvering in the ongoing Russia Ukraine war reminds us the turbulent times of 1990s when late Jyotindra Nath, then Foreign Secretary of India, managed to secure India interests.

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Global Situation in 1990s and Indian Diplomacy

  • Dissolution of USSR: On December 25, 1991, Soviet Union’s General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev resigned, the following day, the USSR was formally dissolved.
    • Indian Challenge: India had to set up new embassies to build new relationships with countries in Central Asia, the South Caucasus and Central Europe while maintaining its traditional ties with Moscow.
  • India-Israel Relations: In January 1992, India and Israel established full diplomatic relations, announcing the opening of embassies and exchanging Ambassadors for the first time.
    • This opened the door to a relationship that has blossomed into one of India’s most significant strategic partnerships in the last three decades.
  • UNSC Meeting 1992: Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao participated in the first-ever meeting of the United Nations Security Council at the summit level (India was a member in 1991-92).
    • On the sidelines, India and USA decided that in the changing world, India and the U.S. needed to have frank exchanges on issues that had divided them during the Cold War;
    • The issue identified was ‘nuclear proliferation and disarmament’, sowing the seeds of the dialogue that continued through ups and downs, leading to the path-breaking India-U.S. Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement in 2008.
  • India-ASEAN Relations: ‘Look East’ policy began to take shape as India and ASEAN embarked on a sectoral-dialogue partnership.
    • By the end of 1995, this had matured into a full-dialogue partnership and in 1996, India joined the security dialogue platform, the ASEAN Regional Forum.
    • Since 2002, the relationship has strengthened further with the annual India-ASEAN summit.
  • On China and Taiwan: In 1993, India China initiated the first of many confidence-building measures, notably the Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas.
    • It laid the foundation of the relationship for two decades.
    • Simultaneously, India and Taiwan negotiated to open economic and cultural centres;
    • Taiwan opened its office first in Mumbai in 1992 before shifting to Delhi while India established the India-Taipei Association office in 1995.

The Editorial Analysis- Russia’s NATO Problem


India’s stand on UNSC Votes on Russia-Ukraine War

  • India’s Stand: The Indian government has chosen to ‘abstain’ in various UN voting on the Russia Ukraine conflict, based on an assessment of its core interests.
  • What it means: A ‘for’ or ‘against’ vote is intended to convey a blunt message of ‘support’ or ‘opposition’.
    • On the other hand, ‘abstention’ takes us into a grey zone because it is the middle path.
    • It can either be seen as fence-sitting (which is a sign of helplessness) or create space for diplomatic maneuver (which is a successful outcome).
  • Balancing Act: The West should feel satisfied that India ‘abstained’ because it perhaps expected India to oppose the West’s draft proposals given New Delhi’s traditional ties with Russia.
    • On the other hand, Russia should also feel satisfied at India’s ‘abstention’ because it perhaps expected New Delhi to give in to western persuasion.

Conclusion: India’s stand in the United Nations on the Ukraine war is an apt moment to reflect on the much-needed Dixit principle.



India’s stand on Russia-Ukraine Conflict

India’s stand on Russia-Ukraine Conflict

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