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The Editorial Analysis- A Tryst with the Past

A Tryst with the Past- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

The Editorial Analysis- A Tryst with the Past_40.1

 

A Tryst with the Past in News

  • Recently, India celebrated its 76th years of Independence. Seventy-five years ago, on this day, India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru made first PM address from the Red Fort. Few Lines of the speech are given below-

“The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?”

  • In this context, we will discuss the various achievements and missed opportunities over these seventy five years for India.

 

 

A Tryst with the Past- Achievements and Missed Opportunities

  • Achievements: There have been significant achievements —
    • A constitutional scheme guaranteeing rights that included freedom of speech, religion and a secular state,
    • Implementation of universal adult franchise in periodic elections,
    • A thriving legislature,
    • Establishments allowing for a formal separation of powers,
    • A quasi-federal union of States that were reorganised on a linguistic basis,
    • The building of institutions (industrial, educational, medical) that heralded progress, and
    • The unleashing of knowledge and communication sectors that tied India beneficially to the world economy.
  • Missed Opportunities: There have also been missteps and failings —
    • The inability to eradicate extreme poverty and marginalisation even though these did come down dramatically since 1947,
    • The strains in implementing the constitutional order and values,
    • Burgeoning communal majoritarianism, which was decidedly rejected by both the freedom fighters as well as the framers of the Constitution,
    • The incomplete nature of decentralisation of power, and
    • Rising economic inequality.
  • India’s Potential: India stands tall as-
    • One of the world’s emerging economies with an advantageous demographic dividend,
    • A vibrant democracy that ensures enthusiastic participation in elections,
    • A diverse polity, and
    • A diversified economy.

 

A Tryst with the Past- Associated Challenges

India also faces humongous challenges.

  • Global Conservatism and Climate Change: Its people live in a more chaotic world where cooperation and liberal trade relations have taken a beating and where climate change is a challenge.
  • Over Centralization: The emergence and consolidation of a dominant political force that seeks to centralise power and homogenise the idea of India.
    • This has threatened to unravel the constitutional structure of recognition of diversity and inclusion as the means for overall progress.
  • Economic progress through inclusive growth — a process that was accelerated following comprehensive reforms in the early 1990s and the institution of a rights-based approach towards welfare in the mid-2000s — has slowed down in the last few years.
  • Inter-State Disparity: There is an exacerbation of inter-State disparities, with southern and western India delivering better outcomes in education, health care and thoroughgoing economic growth than other regions.
    • This is an issue that requires careful deliberation in the near future.

 

 

Conclusion

  • India must continue policies, framed in the 1990s, of allowing entrepreneurial energies to flourish while relying on comprehensive welfare with a rights approach, which was given impetus in the late 2000s, to help utilise its demographic potential.
  • India’s progress in the 21st century would depend upon the re-ignition of the values like social justice, equality and unity in diversity.

 

PM Address from Red Fort on 76th Independence Day

PM Address from Red Fort on 76th Independence Day

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