Home   »   PM Address from Red Fort on...   »   76th Independence Day 2022

The Editorial Analysis- A Tryst with the Past

A Tryst with the Past- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

The Editorial Analysis- A Tryst with the Past_3.1


A Tryst with the Past in News

  • Recently, India celebrated its 76th years of Independence. Seventy-five years ago, on this day, India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru made first PM address from the Red Fort. Few Lines of the speech are given below-

“The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?”

  • In this context, we will discuss the various achievements and missed opportunities over these seventy five years for India.



A Tryst with the Past- Achievements and Missed Opportunities

  • Achievements: There have been significant achievements —
    • A constitutional scheme guaranteeing rights that included freedom of speech, religion and a secular state,
    • Implementation of universal adult franchise in periodic elections,
    • A thriving legislature,
    • Establishments allowing for a formal separation of powers,
    • A quasi-federal union of States that were reorganised on a linguistic basis,
    • The building of institutions (industrial, educational, medical) that heralded progress, and
    • The unleashing of knowledge and communication sectors that tied India beneficially to the world economy.
  • Missed Opportunities: There have also been missteps and failings —
    • The inability to eradicate extreme poverty and marginalisation even though these did come down dramatically since 1947,
    • The strains in implementing the constitutional order and values,
    • Burgeoning communal majoritarianism, which was decidedly rejected by both the freedom fighters as well as the framers of the Constitution,
    • The incomplete nature of decentralisation of power, and
    • Rising economic inequality.
  • India’s Potential: India stands tall as-
    • One of the world’s emerging economies with an advantageous demographic dividend,
    • A vibrant democracy that ensures enthusiastic participation in elections,
    • A diverse polity, and
    • A diversified economy.


A Tryst with the Past- Associated Challenges

India also faces humongous challenges.

  • Global Conservatism and Climate Change: Its people live in a more chaotic world where cooperation and liberal trade relations have taken a beating and where climate change is a challenge.
  • Over Centralization: The emergence and consolidation of a dominant political force that seeks to centralise power and homogenise the idea of India.
    • This has threatened to unravel the constitutional structure of recognition of diversity and inclusion as the means for overall progress.
  • Economic progress through inclusive growth — a process that was accelerated following comprehensive reforms in the early 1990s and the institution of a rights-based approach towards welfare in the mid-2000s — has slowed down in the last few years.
  • Inter-State Disparity: There is an exacerbation of inter-State disparities, with southern and western India delivering better outcomes in education, health care and thoroughgoing economic growth than other regions.
    • This is an issue that requires careful deliberation in the near future.




  • India must continue policies, framed in the 1990s, of allowing entrepreneurial energies to flourish while relying on comprehensive welfare with a rights approach, which was given impetus in the late 2000s, to help utilise its demographic potential.
  • India’s progress in the 21st century would depend upon the re-ignition of the values like social justice, equality and unity in diversity.


PM Address from Red Fort on 76th Independence Day

PM Address from Red Fort on 76th Independence Day

Sharing is caring!

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *