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Sujlam 2.0 Campaign


Sujlam 2.0 UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources


Sujlam 2.0: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched Sujlam 2.0 campaign to mark the World Water Day, 2022 for greywater management.


Sujlam 2.0: Key points

  • A Joint Advisory was also signed by 9 Ministries on how greywater management will be taken up at their level based on convergence model with all those who are directly associated in programme implementation.
  • Under the campaign, the Ministry plans to mobilize communities, institutions like panchayats, schools, anganwadi to undertake greywater management.
  • Greywater can be best managed where it is generated and turns into a major management and infrastructure challenge, if it is allowed to accumulate and stagnate.
  • PRIs (Panchayati Raj Institutions) would work with people to ensure that greywater is managed at the most appropriate local level through construction of household and community soak pits.
  • Funds to execute the activities for greywater management can be sourced from SBM-G Phase II or through 15th Finance Commission tied-grants or MGNREGS or through convergence of all.


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Greywater management: Why important?

  • It is estimated that 31 billion litres of greywater are generated every day in India.
  • With large number of villages achieving 100% saturation under Jal Jeevan Mission, the time has come to focus on management of grey water generated in villages.
  • The greywater generated from rural homes has to be managed properly otherwise it poses a big problem.


What is greywater?

  • Greywater or sullage is defined as wastewater without faecal contamination.
  • Greywater examples: Waste water from showers, baths, basins, and washing machines.
  • It is considered high volume, low strength wastewater with high potential for reuse and application.
  • The composition of greywater varies from place to place and depends on the lifestyle, fixtures and climatic conditions.
  • Reuse of greywater has been an age-old practice, and it is still being done in areas that are water stressed.


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Reuse of greywater

  • Treated greywater can help reduce the over-reliance on freshwater resources and reduce the pollution caused by discharge of untreated greywater into freshwater resources.
  • Greywater can also be a supplementary source to existing water sources in areas where there is acute water crisis or in arid climatic regions.
  • Moreover, recycled greywater can be used for different water-demanding activities such as toilet flushing and agriculture and gardening.


Key Points about Sujalam Campaign

  • Sujalam Campaign will be a 100 days campaign with an aim to make more villages ODF+ by Undertaking Waste Water Management at Village Level.
  • SUJALAM Campaign also aims to create 1 million Soak-pits and also other greywater management activities for making more Villages ODF Pus in an accelerated manner.
    • In Nandurbar, a tribal district in Maharashtra, by building a large number of soakpits, they were able to reduce the incidences of malaria, dengue and other water and vector borne diseases apart from environment and ecological benefits.
  • Major Sanitation issues in Rural Areas: The disposal of wastewater and clogging of water bodies in the villages or on the outskirts of the villages.
  • Expected outcomes of the Sujalam Campaign: will boost the momentum of Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBMG) phase II activities through community participation and it will increase awareness about ODF-plus activities.


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