SDG Urban Index and Dashboard- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
SDG Urban Index and Dashboard- Context
- Recently, the NITI Aayog has launched the first edition of the SDG Urban Index and Dashboard 2021-22.
SDG Urban Index and Dashboard- Key Findings
- Top Performers: Shimla, Coimbatore, Chandigarh, Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi have topped the NITI Aayog’s Sustainable Development Goals Urban India Index 2021-22.
- Worst Performers: Dhanbad, Meerut, Itanagar, Guwahati and Patna are the worst performers in the NITI Aayog’s first SDG Urban Index.
SDG Urban Index and Dashboard– Key Points
- About: SDG Urban Index and Dashboard has been developed by the NITI Aayog in collaboration with GIZ and BMZ under the umbrella of Indo-German Development Cooperation.
- Objective: SDG Urban Index aims at localizing the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and instituting robust SDG progress monitoring systems at the national, state/UT, and local levels.
- Ranking of Urban Areas: SDG Urban Index and Dashboard 2021-22 ranks 56 urban areas on 77 SDG indicators across 46 targets of the SDG framework.
- Out of 56 urban areas ranked in the index, 44 are with a population of above one million. 12 are state capitals with a population of less than a million.
- While for some indicators, “urban area” implies ULBs, in other cases, it refers to all urban areas within a district collectively.
- Ranking Scale: In SDG Urban Index and Dashboard, for each SDG, the urban areas are ranked on a scale of 0-100.
- A score of 100 implies that the urban area has achieved the targets set for 2030;
- A score of 0 implies that it is the farthest from achieving the targets among the selected urban areas.
- Aspirants Category: The areas with rankings between 0 and 49 have been ranked as aspirants.
- Performer Category: Urban Areas with 50-64 are termed as performers.
- Front-runners: Urban areas with 65-99 are called front-runners and
- Achievers Category: Urban areas with a perfect score (100) are called achievers. However, not a single area has a perfect score in the SDG Urban Index and Dashboard 2021-22.
SDG Urban Index and Dashboard- Key Significance
- SDG Urban Index and Dashboard will further strengthen SDG localization and institute robust SDG monitoring at the city level.
- SDG Urban Index and Dashboard highlights the strengths and gaps of ULB-level data, monitoring and reporting systems.
- Tools used in the SDG Urban index and dashboard will contribute to the creation of an ecosystem in which all stakeholders will be equipped to adopt and implement data-driven decision-making.