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Rani Velu Nachiyar- Jhansi Rani of Tamil Nadu

Rani Velu Nachiyar- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

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Rani Velu Nachiyar- Context

  • Recently, the Prime Minister has paid tributes to Rani Velu Nachiyar on her birth anniversary.
  • He said that her indomitable courage shall keep motivating the coming generations. Her strong commitment to fighting colonialism was remarkable. She personifies the spirit of our Nari Shakti.

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Rani Velu Nachiyar– Key Points

  • About: Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first queen of Tamil origin to fight against the British in India. Rani Velu Nachiyar was an inspiring-women in the south.
    • Velu Nachiyar is still held in high regard in Tamil Nadu with the moniker ‘Veeramangai’ or brave woman bestowed upon her by the people.
  • Rebellion against British Rule: Rani Velu Nachiyar formed an army and fought and won against the British in 1780, with the military assistance of Hyder Ali.
    • Rani Velu Nachiyar was drawn into battle after her husband was killed by the British.
  • Protection of Hyder Ali: Rani Velu Nachiyar lived under the protection of Hyder Ali of Mysore near Dindigul.
  • Idea of Human Bomb: Rani Velu Nachiyar was said to have come up with the idea of a human bomb.
  • Her Rule: Rani Velu Nachiyar also formed a women’s army and was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled for 10 more years.
    • She ruled the kingdom for over a decade before bequeathing the royal commitments to the Maruthu brothers at her death in 1796.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy- Indian Social Reformer


Additional Information- Kuyili

  • About: Kuyili had risen up to the ranks of commander-in-chief in queen Velu Nachiyar’s military entourage.
  • Fight against Britishers: Kuyili devised a strategy that would involve women infiltrating through the watchdog eyes of the British and entering the Sivaganga fort.
    • Upon her command, Kuyili’s companions poured ghee and oil that were meant for lighting the lamps, upon her.
    • Following this, a valiant Kuyili walked into the armoury chambers with her head held high and set herself on fire.
    • Kuyili sacrificed her life for the motherland that would go on to help Velu defeat the troops and reclaim her fort and sovereignty.
  • Recognition: Kuyili’s name has somehow faded away from the public memory, except for a memorial in the Sivaganga district by the state government that was erected only recently.


Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav- Climate Change Awareness Campaign and National Photography Competition

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav- Climate Change Awareness Campaign and National Photography Competition

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