Northeast India is a region of India consisting of the eight states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. This region shares borders with Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and Bangladesh, and is known for its diverse ethnic and cultural heritage, as well as its breathtaking natural beauty. With its stunning landscapes, vibrant festivals, and delicious cuisine, Northeast India has become an increasingly popular destination for tourists seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience in India.
However, despite its many attractions, the region remains relatively unexplored, making it a hidden gem for travelers looking to discover something new.
Northeast region on the map of India
The Northeast region of India is located east of Bangladesh and north of Myanmar and is connected to the rest of India by a narrow strip of land between Bangladesh and Bhutan. This region is predominantly hilly, with the Himalayas to the north and the Patkai Range to the south, and is characterized by its lush forests, scenic valleys, and numerous rivers. The region is also home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including the Kaziranga National Park, which is famous for its one-horned rhinoceroses. The diverse geography of the Northeast region has also contributed to the region’s unique culture and customs.
Northeast India: Ethnic Diversity and Cultural Heritage
Northeast India is known for its diverse population, which is made up of over 200 different ethnic groups, each with its own distinct culture and traditions. Some of the major ethnic groups in the region include the Assamese, Bodos, Nagas, Mizos, Khasis, Garos, and Arunachalis. The people of Northeast India are known for their hospitality and warmth towards visitors, and many of them still practice traditional customs and beliefs that have been passed down through generations.
The region is also home to several indigenous communities that have managed to preserve their way of life, despite the rapid modernization taking place in other parts of India. These communities include the Apatanis of Arunachal Pradesh, who practice a unique form of agriculture that involves cultivating rice on terraced fields, and the Khasi people of Meghalaya, who have a matrilineal society where women inherit property and have a central role in decision-making.
Places to visit in Northeast India
Northeast India is a treasure trove of natural beauty and cultural heritage, and there are several places in the region that are worth visiting. Some of the top tourist destinations in Northeast India include:
Kaziranga National Park, Assam: This UNESCO World Heritage site is home to the endangered one-horned rhinoceros and is one of the most popular wildlife destinations in India.
Majuli, Assam: Located on the Brahmaputra river, Majuli is the world’s largest river island and is known for its unique culture and traditions.
Shillong, Meghalaya: The capital of Meghalaya is a picturesque hill station known for its scenic beauty, waterfalls, and vibrant music scene.
Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh: This remote town is located at an altitude of over 10,000 feet and is home to the famous Tawang Monastery, one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in India.
Imphal, Manipur: The capital of Manipur is known for its rich history and culture, and is home to several ancient temples and archaeological sites.
Aizawl, Mizoram: The capital of Mizoram is located on a hilltop and is known for its scenic beauty, vibrant culture, and delicious cuisine.
Tsomgo Lake, Sikkim: This glacial lake located at an altitude of 12,400 feet is a popular tourist attraction and is surrounded by snow-capped mountains.
These are just a few of the many amazing places to visit in Northeast India, each offering a unique glimpse into the region’s rich heritage and natural beauty.
Airports in Northeast India: Connectivity and Location
Northeast India is well-connected to other parts of the country and the world through several airports located in the region. The major airports in Northeast India include:
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati: This is the largest airport in Northeast India and is located in Guwahati, the capital city of Assam. It is well-connected to several domestic and international destinations, including Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangkok, and Paro (Bhutan).
Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi: Although located in the neighboring state of Jharkhand, Birsa Munda Airport is an important airport for the Northeast region and is well-connected to several destinations in the region, including Kolkata, Delhi, and Mumbai.
Agartala Airport, Tripura: Located in the capital city of Tripura, Agartala Airport is an important airport for the Northeast region and is well-connected to several domestic destinations, including Kolkata, Guwahati, and Delhi.
Imphal International Airport, Manipur: This airport is located in Imphal, the capital city of Manipur, and is well-connected to several domestic destinations, including Kolkata and Guwahati.
Lengpui Airport, Mizoram: This airport is located in Aizawl, the capital city of Mizoram, and is well-connected to several domestic destinations, including Kolkata and Guwahati.
How many States in NorthEast India
There are eight states in North East India: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura.
Here is some brief information about each state:
Arunachal Pradesh: The state is located in the easternmost part of India and is known for its natural beauty, wildlife, and diverse tribal cultures. The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar.
Assam: Assam is the largest and most populous state in North East India. It is known for its tea plantations, wildlife reserves, and historical monuments. The capital of Assam is Dispur.
Manipur: Manipur is a small state known for its scenic beauty, cultural diversity, and martial arts. The state has a rich history and is home to several ancient temples and archaeological sites. The capital of Manipur is Imphal.
Meghalaya: Meghalaya is a hilly state known for its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. It is home to several indigenous tribes, each with its own unique language and customs. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong.
Mizoram: Mizoram is a small state known for its scenic beauty, unique culture, and handicrafts. The state has a high literacy rate and is one of the most peaceful states in India. The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl.
Nagaland: Nagaland is a state known for its unique tribal culture, handicrafts, and festivals. The state is also known for its scenic beauty and biodiversity. The capital of Nagaland is Kohima.
Sikkim: Sikkim is a small state known for its stunning landscapes, biodiversity, and cultural diversity. It is the least populous state in India and is home to several indigenous communities. The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok.
Tripura: Tripura is a small state located in the northeastern corner of India. It is known for its scenic beauty, wildlife, and unique tribal culture. The capital of Tripura is Agartala.
FAQ on Northeast India
Ques. What is Northeast India?
Ans. Northeast India is a region of India comprising eight states: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. It is located in the easternmost part of India and is bordered by Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and China.
Ques. What is the culture of Northeast India like?
Ans. Northeast India is known for its rich cultural diversity and unique traditions. Each state in the region has its own distinct culture and traditions, including music, dance, cuisine, and festivals. The region is also home to numerous ethnic groups and tribes, many of whom have their own languages and customs.
Ques. What are some popular tourist attractions in Northeast India?
Ans. Northeast India has many popular tourist destinations, including the Kaziranga National Park in Assam, which is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros. Other popular attractions include the Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh, the Living Root Bridges in Meghalaya, and the Dzukou Valley in Nagaland. The region is also famous for its scenic beauty, including its numerous waterfalls, mountains, and rivers.
Ques. What is the climate like in Northeast India?
The climate in Northeast India varies depending on the state and the season. Generally, the region experiences a humid subtropical climate with high rainfall throughout the year. Summers are usually hot and humid, while winters can be chilly, especially in higher altitudes.
Ques. What are some of the main industries in Northeast India?
Ans. Agriculture is a major industry in Northeast India, with rice, tea, and spices being some of the most important crops. The region also has significant reserves of oil, natural gas, and coal, and mining is an important industry in some states. Tourism is also a growing industry in the region.
Ques. What are some challenges facing Northeast India?
Ans. Northeast India faces several challenges, including infrastructure development, lack of connectivity, and insurgency issues in some areas. The region also experiences frequent floods and landslides, which can cause significant damage to infrastructure and disrupt daily life. However, the government is working to address these issues and promote development in the region.
Ques. What is the cuisine of Northeast India like?
Ans. Northeast Indian cuisine is known for its use of fresh herbs and spices, as well as its use of bamboo shoots and fermented foods. Popular dishes include momos (dumplings), thukpa (noodle soup), and various meat dishes such as pork and fish. Tea is also an important part of the region’s culture, and Assam tea is famous throughout India and beyond.