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National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) – Highlight, Objective

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a renowned governmental organization in India, is entrusted with the crucial responsibility of compiling and analyzing crime data in accordance with the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). Headquartered in New Delhi, the bureau functions under the purview of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India. Candidates aspiring to appear for the IAS Exam can find detailed information about the NCRB’s structure and key aspects in the linked article, providing valuable insights for their preparation.

National Crime Records Bureau

Founded in 1986, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) stands as India’s primary authority for collating crime-related data. Its mandate involves the collection and examination of information pertaining to offenses delineated in the Indian Penal Code and Special and Local Laws. The NCRB’s significant contributions include the publication of annual reports encompassing crime rates, accidental fatalities, suicides, and prison demographics, which serve as pivotal references for law enforcement agencies, scholars, and policymakers.

Furthermore, the bureau diligently tracks monthly crime figures and anti-human trafficking statistics, while also operating a portal for government entities to authenticate identities. Through its multifaceted efforts, the NCRB plays a pivotal role in deciphering crime patterns and devising strategies to safeguard the nation.

Evolution of National Crime Records Bureau

  • The NCRB was established in 1986.
  • It was formed by merging the Inter-State Criminals Data Branch, Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), and Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI.
  • Over time, the NCRB has introduced advanced systems such as the Crime and Criminal Tracking Networking System (CCTNS) in 2009.
  • Additionally, the Digital Police Portal was launched by the NCRB in 2017.

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)- Objectives

  • The main goal is to establish a national fingerprint database for all criminals in India.
  • It leads and coordinates the development of IT applications for the police force.
  • The bureau collects information and maintains statistics on crime and criminals at the national level.
  • It focuses on creating and managing a national-level database for law enforcement agencies.
  • The NCRB guides and supports the functioning of the State Crime Records Bureau and provides training to its personnel.
  • It serves as the national repository for fingerprint records of convicted individuals, including foreign criminals.
  • The bureau regularly updates central and state governments with official records and findings about any case.

Highlights of Crime in India 2023 Report

In the below points National Crime Records Bureau Report 2023. You should read them.

  • In 2022, there was an increase in various types of crimes compared to the previous year.
  • Crimes against women saw a rise, with a majority of cases involving “cruelty by the husband or his relatives,” followed by “rape and robbery of women,” “attack on women with intent to cause harm,” and “rape.”
  • Incidents of crimes against children also increased.
  • There was a slight decrease in the number of cases involving youth in conflict with the law.
  • Crimes against the elderly showed an increase in registered cases in 2022.
  • Cybercrime incidents recorded an increase, with fraud being the most common, followed by extortion and sexual abuse.
  • Overall, there was a decrease in case registrations compared to the previous year, particularly in cases related to “violation of orders duly declared by officers.”
  • Kerala, Puducherry, and West Bengal had the highest rates of violations under the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
  • Metropolitan cities such as Kochi, Patna, and Kozhikode had the highest number of prosecutions for IPC offenses, with Delhi reporting the highest number of theft cases.
  • Delhi recorded an average of three rapes per day, making it the most unsafe city for women in India.

Government of India’s Initiatives to Combat Crime

  • Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2018: Enforced stricter sentencing, including the death penalty for rape of girls under 12, and mandated investigations and trials completion within two months.
  • National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB): Central in gathering, analyzing, and publishing crime data, aiding policy-making and police strategies.
  • Modernization of Police Force: Enhancing infrastructure, equipment, training, and technology integration to modernize law enforcement and crime prevention.
  • Specialized Squads: Creating dedicated units within police for specific crimes like cybercrime, anti-trafficking, and crimes against women and children.
  • National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO): Introducing a comprehensive database to track convicted sex offenders.
  • One-Stop Centers (OSC): Establishing nationwide centres offering integrated services to female victims of violence.
  • Emergency Response Support System: Implementing a unified emergency response system with the universal number 112.
  • Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023: A bill replacing the IPC of 1860, introducing provisions to combat organized crime, terrorism, and harsher penalties.

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What is the role of the National Crime Records Bureau NCRB in cybercrime?

The NCRB maintains national databases related to crime and criminals. It provides valuable insights for law enforcement agencies and policymakers. Its primary goal is to enhance planning and decision-making processes through the effective use of crime-related information.

Who is eligible for NCRB?

Candidates must have a Master's Degree in Computer Applications or Computer Science or M.T (with specialization in Computer Applications) BE / B.

What are the reports given by NCRB?

1. An increase of 4.2% was observed in suicides reported during 2022 (1,70,924 suicides) as compared to 2021.
2. Family Problems (other than marriage-related problems) (31.7%), Marriage Related Problems (4.8%) and Illness (18.4%) have together accounted for 54.9% of total suicides in the country during the year 2022.

WHO released NCRB report?

Reports by the NCRB, which functions under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, include statistics on offences ranging from crimes against women to economic and financial crimes.

Which state has highest crime rate in India 2020?

Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 59,445 cases, followed by Maharashtra (35,497) and West Bengal (30,394).

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